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IV. INTERNAL BIBLICAL EVIDENCE FOR CHANGING MAT 28:19

 

The Bible itself is the greatest evidence for the phrase “in my name” over the traditional phrase. The Bible itself builds its own doctrines and supports its own doctrines.

 

The overwhelming support for the phrase “in my name” or “in his name”: The greatest evidence I would like to introduce is the overwhelming use and support for the phrase “in my name” used by Jesus himself and later on “in his name” used by his disciples.

 

01.  Jesus himself overwhelmingly and consistently used the phrase "in my name", and it would be consistent and appropriate of him to use this phrase in such a momentous occasion. (NIV)

Matthew 18:5, 20; 24:5 (3 times)

Mark 9:37, 39, 41; 13:6; 16:17 (5 times)

Luke 9:48; 21:8, 12 (3 times)

John 14:13, 14, 26; 15:16, 21; 16:23, 24, 26 (8 times)

Acts 9:15, 16; 15:17 (3 times)

Revelation 2:3, 13; 3:8 (3 times)

Total count is (3+5+3+8+3+3= 25 times)

02.  The apostles frequently used “the name” or “his name” when referring to Jesus which indicates a clear pattern of wording.

Acts 2:21; 2:38; 3:6; 3:16; 4:10; 4:12; 4:30; 5:41; 8:12; 8:16; 9:15; 9:21; etc..

 

03.  The epistles frequently used the phrase in “his name” and never anything saying in “their name” or anything similar.
Heb 13:15; 1 John 2:12; Rev 13:6; 14:1; 19:13; 22:4

 

04.  In the Old Testament, the use of the phrase “in his name” when prophetically referring to Jesus is abundant; there is no hint of any other phraseology anywhere there.

Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 9:6; Zechariah 14:9

05.  The ending in the other gospels Mark and Luke clearly contradict any other such wording, for in Mark, Jesus used the ending “in my name” and Luke using the third person pronoun uses “in his name” when Jesus was speaking about himself.

a) Luke 24:47
KJV: “And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.”

CEV: “They also say that all people of every nation must be told in my name to turn to God, in order to be forgiven. So beginning in Jerusalem.”

ERV: “You must start from Jerusalem and tell this message in my name to the people of all nations.”

Here in the Gospel of Luke we have Jesus himself advocating using his name. This passage is also the Great Commission and a clear parallel text to Matthew 28:19.

b) Mark 16:17 KJV: “And these signs shall follow them that believe; in my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues”.

 

Here we have the last words of Jesus as ascribed to Mark. Baptism is mentioned in the prior verse (v.16), clearly uniting baptism with the phrase “in my name” for the Great Commission must be taken as a whole. (Although the order of actions are separated, yet all of these things were part of the Great Commission in Mark, which were to be done “in my name”)

After extensive study and research into Luke 24:47 and Mark 16:16-17, I firmly became convinced that the phrase “in my name” was the proper ending of the Great Commission. The endings in these two other gospels show Jesus speaking his last words, and these are truly consistent and in line with his entire pattern established throughout the Gospels and that wording is also consistent with the rest of the New Testament.

I think that most teachers of baptism in the name of Jesus lose their arguments with the proponents of the traditional text, because they choose the wrong text to challenge the traditional baptism; they compare the verse in Acts 2:38 with the verse of Matthew 28:19. They put the words of Peter against the words of Jesus, and that is their big mistake. When there appears to be a contradiction between what Jesus said and what anybody else says, Jesus always take precedence. I prefer to compare the words of Jesus with the words of Jesus. That is why I prefer to compare Matthew 28:19 with Mark and Luke account of the Great Commission, this takes away the favorite response of the traditional text advocates that they would rather obey Jesus than Peter.

 

Make the connection in Mark: Mark 16: 16-17 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned. And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues;

When a baptism was done it was usually done in some name. Going just by this record of Mark we might think that Jesus forgot to tell us what name to use and that we do not have anything to say in baptism. That is unless we make a connection like the following.

Mark 16:16-17 He that believeth and is baptized [In my name] shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned. And these signs shall follow…; In my nameÈshall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues;

This connection is backed by plenty of other scriptures that explicitly mention baptism in the name of Jesus.

 

Take a second look at Mark: Mark 16: 16-17 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved.

“He that believeth” in what?  His Name   Acts 8:12 they believed…the name of Jesus Christ

“and is baptized”     in what?   His Name   Acts 8:16 they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus

The account of Phillip ministry in Samaria fits perfectly with the Commission recorded in Mark.

The scriptures are quite clear, it is about believing in his name and being baptized in his name.

John 1:12 to them gave he power to become the children of God, even to them that believe on his name:

Acts 18:8 and were baptized believing in God through the name of our Lord Jesus Christ

 

Take a third look at Mark 16: 16-17

Whoever believes                                      in my name

John 1:12 “who believed in his name”

is baptized                                                 in my name

Acts 19:5 “they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.”

whoever does not believe                         in my name            shall be condemned

John 3:18 “he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name”

 

Different Markian ending variations:

  1. Armenian manuscripts, the Philadelphia Gospel Manuscript of 1098

And when they heard, they went out and fled from the sepulcher, because they were terrified; and they said nothing to any one, for they feared.

  1. A fragment of The Curetonian Syriac has the ending of Mark as follows.

...that believe in me; these in my name shall cast out demons->>

  1. Four uncial Greek manuscripts, several Sahidic & Bohairic manuscripts and some Ethiopic MS.

“But they reported briefly to those with Peter all that had been commanded them. And afterward Jesus himself sent out through them from the East even to the West the sacred and incorruptible message of eternal salvation”

  1. Codex Washingtonianus

'The term of years of Satan's power has been fulfilled, but other terrible things draw near. And for those who have sinned I was delivered over to death, that they may return to the truth and sin no more, in order that they may inherit the spiritual and incorruptible glory of righteousness which is in heaven.'

 

What can be noticed about these (Most likely spurious) alternate endings to Mark is that none of them have any resemblance to Mathew 28:19

 

Make the connection between Luke and Acts: How about if we take a look at the Gospel of Luke and connect the two similar verses. This passage in Luke perfectly matches the wording in Acts 2:38, spoken by the apostle Peter, because Luke also wrote the book of Acts.

 

Luke 24:46-47 And [Jesus] said unto them… repentance and [baptism for the] remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem

Acts 2:38      Then Peter said unto them, Repent,                   and Çbe baptized every one of you in the nameÈ of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

[This message was preached among all nations beginning at Jerusalem]

 

See it all connect together; remember that Luke wrote both accounts.

Peter said unto them............................................... [Jesus] said unto them

Repent..................................................................... Repentance

and be baptized every one of you........................... ? How about Mark 16:17

in the name of Jesus Christ..................................... in his name

for the remission of sins.......................................... remission of sins

and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit..... ? endued with power

[Message preached among all nations]................... among all nations

Acts 2:8-11............................................................. (10+ nations in this sermon)

[Beginning at Jerusalem]......................................... beginning at Jerusalem

 

Looks like Luke forgot to include baptism and the Holy Spirit in his gospel, yet he made it up by recording both plenty of times in the book of Acts and he often tied the name of Jesus with both;  although sometimes he forgot to add the name of Jesus to baptism. That is OK brother Luke we still get the message, we are not so dumb that we cannot figure it out, and fill in the blanks; although I cannot say the same for the traditional text supporters.

 

The accounts in Luke 24 and Acts 1 overlap because in Acts Luke is doing a recap of his prior writings. We need to combine both texts the ending of Luke and the beginning of Acts to understand everything that Luke is telling us.

 

And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me. And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in my name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And ye are witnesses of these things. And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high. But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth. For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.

 

There was to be one message, first to Jerusalem, Acts 2:38

Then the message was to go into Samaria Acts 8:16

Then the message was to go into the Gentiles Acts 10:48

 

The Great Commission in these other texts is the most convincing argument that the words used in the Great Commission were “in my name”. All of the New Testament fully supports our assertion and clearly contradicts the traditional text of Matthew 28:19. Also our assertion is supported by many external sources, which we will mention later in our arguments.

 

Repeated fulfillment of Luke 24:46-48: Look at the wording in Luke and how in Acts he gives us plenty of parallel passages, which indicate the same message. In Luke 24 and in Acts 1 we see Jesus giving the final instructions for Acts 1 is a recapitulation of Luke 24. Sometimes a detail or two might not be mentioned but we can rightly assume that they were all baptized in the name of Jesus, for that is the name given by Jesus and the name that was preached by Peter, who is the main speaker in all these passages.

 

Luke 24:47 "jThus it is written, kthat the Christ would suffer and lrise again from the dead the third day, mand that repentance for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in His name nto all the nations, obeginning from Jerusalem. pYou are witnesses of these things qI am going to send you what my Father has promised; rbut stay in the city suntil you have been clothed with power from on high."

 

Acts 1 “jI wrote… JesuskAfter his suffering… lmany convincing proofs that he was alive…rDo not leave Jerusalem, qbut wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about…syou will be baptized with the Holy Spirit… sBut you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and pyou will be my witnesses in oJerusalem…nto the ends of the earth… pa witness with us of lhis resurrection”

 

Acts 2 “rall together in one place…sa violent wind came from heaven…ostaying in Jerusalem…nfrom every nation under heaven…jby the prophet Joel…qI will pour out my Spirit in those days…kput him to death by nailing him to the cross. lBut God raised him from the dead…pwe are all witnesses of it…m“Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins.

 

Acts 3 “rup to the temple…kkilled the Prince of life, lwhom God hath raised from the dead; pwhereof we are witnesses…jby the mouth of all his prophets, kthat Christ should suffer…mRepent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out… Jesus nall the kindreds of the earth be blessed…oUnto you first God, lhaving raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless you, min turning away every one of you from his iniquities.

 

Acts 4 “pthe apostles were teaching the people, mproclaiming in Jesus lthe resurrection of the dead…sPeter, filled with the Holy Spirit...by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, kwhom you crucified but whom lGod raised from the dead…mSalvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to nmankind mby which we must be saved…pwe must warn them to speak no longer to anyone in this name…and commanded them pnot to speak or teach at all in the name of Jesuspwe cannot help speaking about what we have seen and heard….jYou spoke by the Holy Spirit through the mouth of your servant, our father David…rin this city…penable your servants to speak your word with great boldness…sAnd they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and spoke the word of God boldly.

 

Acts 5 “orCrowds gathered also from the towns around Jerusalem….p“Go, stand in the temple courts and tell the people all about this new life.”…pThe men you put in jail are standing in the temple courts teaching the people…p“We gave you strict orders not to teach in this name,” he said. “Yet you have filled Jerusalem with your teaching…lThe God of our ancestors raised Jesus from the dead kwhom you killed by hanging him on a cross…mthat he might bring Israel to repentance and forgive their sins. pWe are witnesses of these things, and so is the Holy Spirit, qwhom God has given to those who obey him…pThen they ordered them not to speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go…ksuffering disgrace for the Name. Day after day, in the temple courts and from house to house, mpthey never stopped teaching and proclaiming the good news that Jesus is the Messiah.

 

It is a teaching with no repetition: The lack of repetition for this text by the Apostles clearly contradicts the repetition pattern established in the scriptures. The Apostles often repeated themselves yet not one of them ever repeated this or any similar phrase. Look at all their writings and you will see plenty of repetition, but not of this phrase. Here is an example of repetition in living by faith:

 

a.       “The just shall live by his faith”, Habakkuk 2:4

b.      “The just shall live by faith”, Hebrews 10:38

c.       “The just shall live by faith”, Romans 1:17

Isn’t it strange that the triune phrase which has become so important is nowhere else written in the whole Bible? Yet many other minor issues are often repeated more than once? If in truth this was an important doctrine or concept, would it not merit at least a second mention somewhere else? Perhaps it is because no one knew it, until many years later when apostasy had already crept into the church?

The lack of a matching phrase for Matthew 28:19 by Jesus himself is telling enough. Jesus himself often repeated many phrases and words to drive home a point, but this one is not one of them. Jesus never uses this phrase or any similar phrase anywhere else in the four gospels. None of the Apostles ever made any mention or reference to this commandment nowhere in their epistles. It seems that neither Jesus nor anyone else wanted to drive this point, explain it or make any kind of connecting mention with it.

There is not a single place anywhere in the Bible where the traditional wording of Matthew 28:19 is encountered again using similar wording. If the traditional phrase were authentic, then it would have been reaffirmed at least once somewhere, by someone. A simple comparison will show that the Eusebius and Annarikhus citation is a perfect match for the book of Acts.

 

            In the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit (no repetition)

 

            In my name (Eusebius & Annarikhus Matthean citations)

            In the name of the Lord (Acts 2:38)

            into the name of the Lord (Acts 8:16)

            in the name of the Lord (Acts 10:48)

            into the name of the Lord (Acts 19:5)

 

The Great Commission: A comparison: Matthew 28:18-20 (HAB)

18 And Yeshua came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, immersing them in my name:

20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

 

Mark 16:15-17, 20 (KJV)

15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature

16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.

17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues;

20 And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with them and confirming the word with signs following. Amen.

 

Luke 24:45-49 (CEV)

45 Then he helped them understand the Scriptures.

46 He told them: The Scriptures say that the Messiah must suffer, then three days later he will rise from death.

47 They also say that all people of every nation must be told in my name to turn to God, in order to be forgiven. So beginning in Jerusalem,

48 you must tell everything that has happened.

49 I will send you the one my Father has promised, but you must stay in the city until you are given power from heaven.

 

John 20:21, 30-31 (AB)

21 But Yeshua said to them again, “Peace be with you. Just as my Father has sent me, I also am sending you.”

30 But Yeshua did many other signs before his disciples, which are not written in this scripture.

31 But these things are also written that you may believe that Yeshua is The Messiah, the Son of God, and when you believe, you shall have eternal life in his name.

 

Acts 1:8 (KJV)8 But you shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come on you: and you shall be witnesses to me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and to the uttermost part of the earth.

Are these endings in agreement?

With the previous texts, let us make a comparison of the common precepts in the Great Commission.

 

Power

MATTHEW

Jesus has all power

MARK

The believers to have the power to perform signs

LUKE

The apostles to be endued with power

JOHN

By his power Jesus did many other signs

ACTS

The apostles shall receive power

 

Message

MATTHEW

Teach to observe all things whatsoever Jesus commanded

MARK

Preach the gospel

LUKE

Must tell everything that has happened

JOHN

What is written

ACTS

Be a witness

 

Audience

MATTHEW

All the nations

MARK

All the world; every creature

LUKE

All people of every nation

JOHN

Ye

ACTS

Jerusalem, Judaea, Samaria, the uttermost part of the earth.

 

Jesus’ Name

MATTHEW

In my name (en tō onomati)

MARK

In my name (en tō onomati)

LUKE

In his name (epi tō onomati)

JOHN

In His name (en tō onomati autou) (NKJV)

ACTS

Witnesses unto me (Jesus)

 

Jesus’ Presence (Emmanuel)

MATTHEW

Unto the end of the world

MARK

the LORD working with them

LUKE

To wait for the promised one

JOHN

Jesus eating with his disciples, Peter following Jesus

ACTS

The Lord adding to the church thru his disciples

 

The Gospel of John (89 AD) was written long after the church was established so it is a different gospel than the others. It does not have an exact parallel story or ending with the other Gospels because there was no need for him to repeat what other writers had already made clear. At this late in time there was no need for John to mention baptism, since it was already an established ritual in the church. The other gospels mention the Great Commission as given directly by Jesus to the Apostles; in the Gospel of John the Great Commission is given by John directly to whoever is reading his Gospel. Furthermore the heavy use of the phrase "in my name" in this gospel, clearly indicates that this was a common phrase of Jesus. Furthermore no one can say that his gospel is against baptism or omits it, since this is the only gospel which mentions the Apostles of Jesus baptizing converts.

 

Other scriptures echo the Great Commission: Here are other verses which use similar wording to the Great Commission, look at how closely they are tied to the name of Jesus.

 

John 15 (HCS) “I am the vine; you are the branches. The one who remains in Me and I in him produces much fruit, because you can do nothing without Me…My Father is glorified by this: that you produce much fruit and prove to be My disciplesIf you keep My commands you will remain in My love…You are My friends if you do what I command you…You did not choose Me, but I chose you. I appointed you that you should Go out and produce fruit and that your fruit should remain… If the world hates you, understand that it hated Me before it hated you…If they kept My word, they will also keep yours. But they will do all these things to you on account of My name.

 

Acts 2 from every nation under heaven [all the nations]… Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd [preach the gospel]… Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know [be witnesses to me]… and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross [you must tell everything that has happened]…be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ [in my name]…Those who believed what he said were baptized [He that believeth and is baptized].

 

In a sense Acts 9:15-16 is an individual commission specific to Paul.

Acts 9 (NIV) But the Lord said to Ananias, Go! This man is my chosen instrument [John 15:16 ] to proclaim my name to the Gentiles and their kings and to the people of Israel. I will show him how much he must suffer for my name.…he got up and was baptized.

 

Acts 13:46-47 And Paul and Barnabas spoke out boldly, saying, “It was necessary that the word of God [the gospel] be spoken first to you. [to the people of Israel ] Since you thrust it aside and judge yourselves unworthy of eternal life, behold, we are turning to the Gentiles [to the Gentiles]. For so the Lord has commanded us [sending you], saying, “‘I have made you a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring salvation [Ye-shua] to the ends of the earth.’” [to the uttermost part of the earth]

 

Acts 22 (ASV) Thou shalt be a witness for him unto all men of what thou hast seen and heard. And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on his name…get thee quickly out of Jerusalem…And he said unto me, Depart: for I will send thee forth far hence unto the Gentiles.

 

Acts 26:16-18 I have appeared to you to appoint you as a servant and as a witness of what you have seen and will see of me. I will rescue you from your own people and from the Gentiles. I am sending you to them to open their eyes and turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.

 

Acts 28:23-28 there came many to him into his lodging; [Came = opposite of Go] to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God [be witnesses to me], persuading them concerning Jesus, [in my name]… And some believed the things which were spoken, and some believed not. [He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not] … the salvation of God is sent unto the Gentiles, and that they will hear it. [to the Gentiles].

 

Romans 1:4-6 (ESV) and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord, through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name among all the nations, including you who are called to belong to Jesus Christ,

 

Romans 10:11-17 Whosoever believes on him shall not be ashamed [He that believeth]… no difference between the Jew and the Greek [all the nations]… For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved [in my name]…And how can they hear without someone preaching to them? [preach the gospel]… And how can anyone preach unless they are sent? [I also am sending you]… "Their voice has gone out into all the earth, [all the world] their words to the ends of the world." [to the uttermost part of the earth].

 

Romans 16:25-27 (NIV) with my gospel, the message I proclaim about Jesus Christ, in keeping with the revelation of the mystery hidden for long ages past, but now revealed and made known through the prophetic writings by the command of the eternal God, so that all the Gentiles might come to the obedience that comes from faith to the only wise God be glory forever through Jesus Christ!

 

Ephesians 1:20-23 (KJV)

Which he performed in Christ…                                And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying           

set him at his own right hand                                      All power is given unto me

in the heavenly places…                                             in heaven and in earth

above all rule and authority, power and dominion     All authority is given unto me

and every name that is named                                    in my name

not only in this age but also in the one to come          to the very end of the age                  

put all things under his feet…                                                Teaching them to observe all things               

and gave Him as head over all things …                    whatsoever I have commanded you              

the fullness of Him who fills all in all.                        and, lo, I am with you alway,

 

Philippians 2:7-12 (NIV)

he humbled himself, and became obedient to death,             not as I will, but as thou wilt

even the death of the cross                                         yielded up the ghost

therefore God also hath highly exalted him               All power is given to me

given him a name which is above every name…      in my name, in his name

that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow     in my name, in his name

in heaven and on earth…                                            in heaven and in earth

and that every tongue                                                             and teach all nations

should confess him Lord…                                        “Why do you call me Lord and do not what I say”

you have always obeyed                                             to obey everything I have commanded you

in my absence                                                              I am with you always

When you are being baptized, bend (bow) your knees (Common Baptismal instructions)

 

Colossians 1:22-28

in the body of his flesh through death                                    Christ was to suffer and to rise out from the dead

to present you holy and without blemish                    repentance and forgiveness of sins

unreproveable before him                                           be witnesses to me

if you continue in your faith…                                   them that believe

the hope held out in the gospel                                   the gospel

been proclaimed to every creature under heaven        to every creature

and of which I, Paul, have become a servant             This man is my chosen instrument

by the commission God gave me                                I have commanded you

to present to you the word of God in its fullness       Teaching them to observe all things

every man perfect in Christ Jesus                              in his name

 

The same commission given: Compare how Paul’s commission matches Luke 24:47

You are witnesses of these things

I have appeared to you to appoint you as a servant and as a witness of what you have seen and will see of me.

 

to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem

your own people and from the Gentiles. I am sending you to them

 

repentance for the forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations

may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.

 

The Great Commission condensed

Mark 16:15-17: Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creatureIn my Name

Luke 24: 47:all people of every nation must be told in my name…in order to be forgiven.

Acts 1:8:receive power…be witnesses to meto the uttermost part of the earth.

Acts 9:15-16: Go! This man is my chosen instrument to proclaim my name to the Gentiles…

Romans 1:4-6 …apostleship …obedience of faith for the sake of his name among all the nations

Romans 16:25-27: my gospel, the message I proclaim about Jesus Christ…so that all the Gentiles

 

There is no parallel or similar passage in all the Bible that matches or resembles that phrase.

Mat 28:18 "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me"

Dan 7:13 "And to Him was given dominion, Glory and a kingdom"

Mat 11:27 "All things have been committed to me by my Father"

John 3:35 "The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in his hands"

Col 2:10 "He is the head over every power and authority"

Heb 2:7 "you crowned them with glory and honor and put everything under their feet"

Mat 28:19 "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations"

Mrk 16:15 "Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation'

Lke 24:47 "repentance for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in His name to all the nations"

Psl 22:27 "All the ends of the earth will remember and turn to the LORD, and all the families of the nations will bow down before him

Mat 28:19 "in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit"

 

 

The first commission pattern: Matthew 10 (JB) Then calling his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of weakness…These twelve Jesus sent forth and commanded them, saying…as ye Go, preach, saying, The kingdom of the heavens has come. Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out demons…and ye shall even be brought before princes and kings for my sake, for testimony unto them and to the Gentiles. ..And ye shall be hated of all men for my name.

 

Mark 6 (ASV) he calleth unto him the twelve, and began to send them forth by two and two; and he gave them authority (power)...as ye Go forth… they went out, and preached that men' should repent. And they cast out many demons, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them… his name had become known

 

Luke 10 (KJV) Sent them two and two before his face into every city and place…Therefore said he unto them… Go your ways: behold, I send you forth ...heal the sick...He that heareth you heareth me...Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy nameI give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you.

 

The very fact that Jesus had sent his apostles out to preach before and after his resurrection and departure indicates that he was establishing them as his authorative spokepersons. One interesting point here is that his name was powerful even before his death and resurrection, then how much more powerful would it be after all that, when he said, “All power is given unto me.” If he sent them to preach using the power of his name before his passion, then what other name would he have commanded them to use after that when he was above all rule and authority, power and dominion?

 

A quick comparison of Commissions:           

Matthew 10:22 for my name                        

Mark 6:14 for his name                                

Mark 16:17 in my name                                

Luke 10:17 in your name

Luke 24:47 in my name

John 15:21 of My name

John 20:31 in his name

Acts 9:16 for my name

Romans 1:5 in his name

 

Matthew 28:19

Two versions

Eusebius, Annarikhus & Others

- In my name

Traditional     - In the name of

the Father, and the Son and the Holy Ghost

 

Comparing ancient evidence Texts: OK here are six witnesses from the early centuries of the church with their citations of the great Commission which tells us what Jesus said. I call this group the Non-traditional formula group, and let us see how they compare to the biblical texts.

Annarikhus: “Go ye forth into all the world, and teach ye all the nations in My Name in every place.”

Aphraates: “Go forth [and] make disciples of all the peoples, and they shall believe in me

Ephrem: “Go out into the whole world and proclaim my gospel to the whole of creation and baptize all the Gentiles.”

Thaddaeus: “And He sent us in His name to proclaim repentance and remission of sins to all the nations.”

Peter: “Then Jesus appeared, saying to them, “Peace be with all of you and everyone who believes in my name. When you go, you will have joy and grace and power. Do not be afraid. Look, I am with you forever.” The messengers parted from each other with four words, to preach. And they went in the power of Jesus, in peace.”

Eusebius: “Go, and make disciples of all the nations in My Name”.

 

The Gospel of Matthew itself supports “in my name”: Every single chapter touches lightly upon a facet of the Great Commission. It all focuses on Jesus, his life, his miracles, his words and his actions. It is all about him, the whole gospel basically screams his name (the name “Jesus” appears 172 times in this gospel - KJV). It is obvious that his name is emphasized throughout this whole gospel, so it is rather surprising that the great commission in here does not use his name, it is pure nonsense.

Chapter 1.            His genealogy, an angel gave his name and his name explained. (His name)

Chapter 2.            Worshipped, persecuted, his name was to be called a Nazarene. (His name)

Chapter 3.            John’s ministry prepares the way and Jesus’ baptism. (Baptism example)

Chapter 4.            His temptation, repentance preached. (Repentance for the remission of sins)

Chapters 5-7.       The Sermon on the Mount. (The teachings of Jesus)

Chapters 8.          Power of Jesus over disease, nature and demons. (All power)

Chapters 9.          Power of Jesus to forgive sins and over death. (All power)

Chapter 10.          His Apostles are sent in his name. (Go ye therefore in my name)

Chapter 11.          Condemns cities, all things delivered unto him. (All power is given unto me)

Chapter 12.          Sabbath teaching, Isaiah 42:1-4 fulfilled. (In his name the gentiles to trust)

Chapter 13.          The seed spread in the field. (Go into all the world)

Chapter 14.          Power over matter and nature, disciples worshiped him. (They worshipped him)

Chapter 15.          Traditions of men, gentile woman receives a miracle. (All the nations)

Chapter 16.          Denies signs, Jesus revealed as the Christ (Jesus Christ)

Chapter 17.          The disciples taken into a high mountain. (Into a mountain)

Chapter 18.          Seeking lost sheep, 2 or 3 gathered in his name. (His presence amidst)

Chapter 19.          Leaving all for his name’s sake. (His name)

Chapter 20.          The laborers of the vineyard. (Working till the end of the age)

Chapter 21.          He came in the name of the Lord. (His name)

Chapter 22.          The servants sent. (The Apostles sent)

Chapter 23.          Jesus’ servants sent to Jerusalem. (Apostles sent to Jerusalem)

Chapter 24.          The end to come. (The end of the age)

Chapter 25.          The traveling Lord. (Gave us talents to invest in his absence)

Chapter 26.          Jesus confesses to being the Christ. (Jesus Christ)

Chapter 27.          The accusation, This is Jesus. (His Name)

Chapter 28.          His resurrection and his Great Commission.

 

Matthew Chapter 28 indicates it is “in my name”: Look at all the direct and indirect references to Jesus in just that single chapter (KJV).

“him” 

6 times

v. 7,9(2x),13,17(2x)

“Jesus”

5 times

v. 5,9,10,16,18

“he” 

5 times

v. 6(3x),7(2x)

“me” 

2 times

v. 10,18

“I”

2 times

v. 20(2x)

“Lord” 

1 time

v. 6

For a grand total of 21 references to him. (Blackjack?)

 

Look at how totally focused Matthew chapter 28 is on Jesus

28:1-4        the women were seeking Jesus (they were thinking about Jesus)

28:6-8        the angels announce he is not there. (Jesus resurrected)

28:9-10      Jesus appeared unto them (Jesus gave them a message)

28:11-15    a plot was hatched to deny the resurrection (Jesus’ resurrection)

28:16         the 11 apostles went to the mountain (to meet Jesus)

28:17         the disciples worshiped him (Jesus was worshiped)

28:18         Jesus came and spoke (Jesus informed them that he has all power)

28:19         they were instructed to go and make disciples (by Jesus)

28:20         they were instructed to teach what? (What Jesus commanded)

28:20         who was going to be with them to the end? (Wasn’t it Jesus?)

The whole focus of this chapter is on Jesus, just about every single verse points to him. There is no prior mention in this whole chapter of the Father and the Holy Ghost. So how did this traditional text managed to jump out of nowhere into center stage and steal the whole show from Jesus?

 

Plenty of phrases in the Gospel of Matthew connect with “in my name”: Here are the text connections in the Gospel of Matthew.

Matthew 1:21

his name Jesus

Matthew 1:25

his name Jesus

Matthew 7:22

in thy name

 in my name

Matthew 28:19

 

 
Matthew 10:22

for my name

Matthew 12:21

in his name

Matthew 18:5

in my name

Matthew 18:20

in my name

Matthew 19:29

for my name

Matthew 24:5

in my name

Matthew 24:9

for my name

Matthew 24:9

for my name

 

 

in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost

Matthew 28:19

 

 

 

 

 


These same text connections occur in the other gospels and throughout the New Testament. As anyone can see there are plenty of connections to the text in my name, but there are zero connections to the traditional text. Go ahead and search in all of the New Testament and you will see that there are zero connections to the traditional formula.

 

The traditional phrase fails the Law of Testimony: In the law of God itself, for a testimony to be established and valid, it had to be supported by two or three witness.

“A matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.” (Deu 19:15)

“Every matter may be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.” (Mat 18:16)

“Every matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses” (2 Cor 13:1)

Any testimony that did not have at least a second witness was considered as invalid and thrown out. Since there is no other scripture that affirms such phrasing, then this phrase needs to be considered as invalid and thrown out.

The Law of Testimony was so important that even in the case of murder, unless there were at least 2 witnesses a person could not be convicted. It did not matter who raised the accusation, which is why Queen Jezebel had to hire 2 false witnesses against Naboth. The Sanhedrin could not convict Jesus of blasphemy because they could not find 2 witnesses that agreed, so they resorted to another method to find him guilty.

 

It is a teaching with one scripture: The baptism in the triune phrase is a single scripture doctrine. The idea that a biblical teaching especially an important one, can be founded upon a single scripture, independent of all the others and even contrary to others scriptures, goes against the very teaching of the scriptures themselves. The scriptures themselves make it clear that all doctrines are to be based upon more than one single scripture. For misinterpreting or twisting a single scripture is not hard to accomplish, it becomes harder when a teacher must produce at least two scriptures to support a particular teaching.

Isaiah 28:10 (NLT) “He tells us everything over and over--one line at a time, one line at a time, a little here, and a little there!"”

Isaiah 28:13 (NLT) “So the LORD will spell out his message for them again, one line at a time, one line at a time, a little here, and a little there, so that they will stumble and fall. They will be injured, trapped, and captured”

 

The traditional text does not conform to Hebrew parallelism: Those who study the Hebrew culture and the Bible will soon understand the importance of Hebrew Parallelism in their culture and their sacred writings. In Hebrew Parallelism the same idea is repeated often using similar phrases, it is a way of rhyming by thought, instead of rhyming by sound like it is in some other poetry. The book of Psalms has the most examples of such parallelism, but it is also abundant in many other books. Hebrew parallelism is an important part of the Bible and it is deeply embedded within.

 

Here are some examples:  look at how the same thought is repeated in the next line(s).

Isa 1:4

Psa 15:1

2 Cor 4:8

Alas, sinful nation,

People weighed down with iniquity

 

Offspring of evildoers,

Sons who act corruptly!

 

They have abandoned the LORD,

They have despised the Holy One of Israel,

They have turned away from Him.

Lord, who may dwell in your sacred tent?

Who may live on your holy mountain?

 

The one whose walk is blameless,

who does what is righteous,

 

who speaks the truth from their heart;

whose tongue utters no slander,

 

who does no wrong to a neighbor,

and casts no slur on others

We are troubled on every side,

yet not distressed;

 

we are perplexed,

but not in despair;

 

Persecuted,

but not forsaken;

 

cast down,

but not destroyed;

 

Now let us look at Matthew 28:19 and see if we can see any parallelism

Traditional

In my name

All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

Go ye therefore, and teach all nations,

baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

 

Teaching them to observe all things

whatsoever I have commanded you:

 

and, lo, I am with you alway,

even unto the end of the world.

(All power) is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

(Go ye therefore and make disciples of all the nations, in my name)

 

Teaching them to observe (all things)

(whatsoever I have commanded you)

 

and, lo, I am with you (alway),

(even unto the end of the world).

At first glance there does not appear to be a parallelism in the Great Commission, but a closer look reveals a different type of close connection between parts of these verses.

In the traditional phrase, in the first verse there is no parallelism, at all or relation between the two parts of the verse. Another thing that is really noticeable is that the first verse in the traditional text is quite unbalanced in word length, this is not in keeping with the Jewish manner of writing, and we know that Matthew was a Jew.

Now look at the first verse in the non-traditional text and you will that the second part of that verse expounds logically on the first part. Because Jesus has all power, then make disciples in his name.

 

The second verse “Teaching them to observe all things” is a commandment.

The next part of that verse expounds on the last part of that commandment.

The third verse “and, lo, I am with you alway is a declaration.

The next part of that verse also expound on the last part of that verse.

 

We see here a clear correlation that occurs in all three verses of the non-traditional text; the second part of a verse expounds or explains even more on the prior verse. The connections do make sense and furthermore are in accordance with other scriptures.

 

More than one example: Some people have the misconception that this issue is a choice between the traditional text of Matthew 28:19 and Acts 2:38; for this is how often it is put into context but such is not the case. People who put too much of an emphasis in Acts 2:38 also fail to understand this concept.

Just for a moment let us take out Matthew 28:19 and Acts 2:38 out of the Bible. Cover them up like both of them did not exist at all. Could we still preach the same message? Yes we could for besides Acts 2:38 there are many other scriptures that give examples of baptisms in the name of Yeshua. However there are no other scripture that could be used to teach the traditional baptism. So the choice is not between Matthew 28:19 and Acts 2:38, but between the traditional text in Matthew 28:19 and many other texts in the scriptures.

 

The format of Hebrew parallelism: However when we look a little more closely at the format of parallelism we sometimes see that there is more than one way to look at how parallelism can be structured. Look at a few more examples of parallelism, but with a different format.

Psalm 1:1         Blessed is the man

                        That walked not          in the counsel              of the ungodly

                        Nor standeth               in the way                   of sinners

                        Nor sitteth                   in the seat                    of  the scornful

 

Nahum 1:2      The LORD                  is a jealous and avenging God;

                        The LORD                  takes vengeance and is filled with wrath.

                        The LORD                  takes vengeance on his foes

                                                            and vents his wrath against his enemies.

 

Matthew 7:22  Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord,

 have we not prophesied                      in thy name?

and in thy name                                  have cast out devils?

and in thy name                                  done many wonderful works?

 in thy name                                        have we not prophesied?

and in thy name                                  have cast out devils?

and in thy name                                  done many wonderful works?

 

Now let us take a look at Matthew 28:19 using this different parallel format.

All power              is given                              unto me                       in heaven and in earth

make disciples of all the nations,                   immersing them           in my name:

Teaching them       to observe all things          whatsoever                  I have commanded you

I am                       with you alway,                even unto the end       of the world

 

What                     Focus                                 Action                                     Person

All power              in heaven and in earth       is given (to give)                     unto me (Jesus)

All the nations       make disciples of              immersing them (to immerse)  in my name: (Jesus)

All things              whatsoever to observe      Teach them (to teach)             I (Jesus) have commanded     

All time (always)   even unto the end of the world    am (to be)                    I (Jesus) with you

 

 

Baptisms done in the name of Jesus: In the book of Acts people were consistently baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ by the followers of Jesus. All these baptisms are clear evidence that Jesus said to do baptism in his name. There were six instances of baptism where we clearly see the name of Jesus was used. (Codex Bezae)

 

1.      Acts 2:38: “Repent ye, and be baptized every one of you in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ unto the Remission of [your] sins; and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.”

Here we have the apostle Peter advocating the name of the Lord Jesus Christ in baptism.

 

2.      Acts 8:16 “only they had been baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.”

▲ Here we have the apostle Philip using the name of the Lord Jesus Christ in baptism.

3.      Acts 10:48 “Then he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.”

▲ Here again Peter still using the name of the Lord Jesus Christ in baptism.

 

4.      Acts 18:8 “and were baptized believing in God through the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

▲ Here we have the apostle Paul using the name of the Lord Jesus Christ in baptism.

 

5.      Acts 19:5 “they were baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, unto the remission of sins.”

▲ Here we have the apostle Paul again using the name of the Lord Jesus Christ in baptism.

6.      Acts 22:16 “Arise, be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on his name

(KJV) “arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.”
(LO) “
Arise, and be immersed, and wash away your sins, invoking his name.”

▲ Here Ananias advocates using the name of the Lord Jesus in baptism. (Jesus is #Lord)

 

Other baptisms also done in Jesus’ name: The majority of Christians and even many Apostolics are unaware that many other scriptures also mention baptisms being done in Jesus name. The following scriptures do speak of baptism in the name of Jesus.

7.      Romans 6:3
(God's First Truth, V. 2) “Remember ye not that all we which are baptised in the name of Jesu Christ”
(TNT) “Remember ye not that all we which are baptised in the name of Christ Iesu

(
MB 1549 ) “Remembre ye not þt al we which are baptised in the name of Iesus Christe”
(Tyndale 1534) “Remember ye not that all we which are baptysed in the name of Iesu Christ”
(Matthews 1537) “Remember ye not that all we which are baptized in the name of Jesu Christ”


8.      Galatians 3:27
(GW): “all of you who were baptized in Christ's name have clothed yourselves with Christ.”
(Knox) “All you who have been baptized in Christ’s name have put on the person of Christ.”
(NOG) “all of you who were baptized in Christ’s
name have clothed yourselves with Christ.”
(HCSB ) “Clearly, all of you who were baptized in Christ’s name have clothed yourselves with Christ.”


9.      James 2:7 (HCSB) “Don't they blaspheme the noble name that was pronounced over you at your baptism?”
James 2:7 (CEB) Aren’t they the ones who insult the good name spoken over you at your baptism?
James 2:7 AMP “Is it not they who slander and blaspheme that precious name by which you are distinguished and called [the name of Christ invoked in baptism]?”
New Testament professor Larry Hurtado in his book “Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity” (2003) makes the argument that James 2:7 refers to Baptism in the name of Jesus.

Galatians 3:27 (GW): “all of you who were baptized in Christ's name have clothed yourselves with Christ.”
We are clothed with Christ, not with the father and the Hoy Spirit; this is a clear indication that baptism in his name is indeed correct for we would then be clothed with the Father and the Holy Spirit.

 

According to Bietenhard, to baptize “in the name of Christ” is identical to baptizing “into Christ” E. Beyrenther, H. Bietenhard, Dizionario (1989) p. 275

 

So we can see here at least 9 places where it is clearly said that people were baptized in the name of Jesus Christ.

 

Veiled reference to baptism in the name of Jesus: A veiled reference is a phrase that sometimes refers to an act that was done, but does it in an indirect manner.

 

a.       1 Corinthians 1:13 “Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul?”

The church was diving into groups and Paul reproved them by reminding them that Christ is not divided. From the use of the name of Christ it is obvious that it was Christ that was crucified for them and it is also clear that they were baptized in the name of Christ. For if they were not baptized in the name of Paul, then in what other name were they baptized into?

 

b.       1 Cor 6:11 “But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ ”

“But you were baptized...in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ”

In a symbolic way when the believers were washed or baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus they became sanctified and justified

 

c.       Colossians 2:12 “Buried with him in baptism, in which also you are risen with him through the faith of the working of God, who has raised him from the dead.”

This is an exact echo of Romans 6:3-4

Romans 6:4 “We were therefore buried with him through baptism”
By comparing Colossians 2:11-12 with Romans 6:3-4, we see that this is the same argument, thence we see that the Colossians also were baptized in the name of Jesus Christ.

If we are buried with Christ symbolically in baptism, the name put above in our tombstone has to be the same as his. Therefore in our baptism the Name of Jesus Christ must be pronounced over us. Baptism is a representation of the burial of Jesus; therefore it cannot include the father and the Holy Spirit for they were not buried.

 

d.      Titus 3:5-6 “Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour

Titus 3:5-6 Also has been translated as; “the baptism of regeneration”, “the laver of regeneration”, “the bathing of a new birth”, “that Washing which was a New Birth to us”. This is a similar phrase to John 3:5 “Born of water and Spirit” and it is a clear echo of Acts 2:38 “be baptized and receive the Holy Spirit”. by the baptism of regenerationthrough Jesus Christ our Saviour

The baptism of regeneration speaks clearly speaks of being born again, like Jesus said, we are born again in the water, that is what regeneration means, to be born again.

 

Comments on Titus 3:5

“The two ideas of regeneration and the forgiveness of sins are often combined. In the baptism of regeneration all stain of sin is washed away. Remission of sins comes to those reborn in holy baptism. Sins are washed in holy baptism; the water of baptism forgave those who poured out the savior’s blood (Acts 2:38)”. Baptism in the Early Church (2009) by Everett Ferguson.

 

John Wesley: "Sanctification, expressed by the laver of regeneration (that is, baptism…as water cleanses the body, and renews it in the whole image of God" (One Volume New Testament Commentary, Wesley, Clarke, Henry).

William Barclay: "In baptism there came to men the cleansing, re-creating power of God" (The Letters to Timothy, Titus, Philemon in the Daily Study Bible).

Cambridge Greek Testament (J.H. Bernard): "That the 'washing of regeneration' is the Water of Baptism is undoubted…the means, that is, through which we are placed in a 'state of salvation,' in union with the mystical Body of Christ;

The New Bible Commentary (A.M. Stibbs): "In status this salvation is made ours through the outward seal of baptism; in vital experience it comes through the inner quickening by the Spirit."

The Pulpit Commentary (A.C. Hervey): "Here we have the means through or by which God's mercy saves us…(regeneration) therefore, very fitly describes the new birth in holy baptism…And the laver of baptism is called 'laver of regeneration,' because it is the ordained means by or through which regeneration is obtained."

William Hendriksen: "this 'washing of regeneration and renewing' stand in some relation to the rite of baptism...there is an implied reference to this sacrament" (New Testament Commentary).

Albert Barnes: "The word (washing) itself would naturally be understood as referring to baptism which was regarded as the emblem of washing away sins, or of cleansing from them" (Barnes' Notes on the New Testament).

Henry Alford: "Observe, there is here no figure: the words are literal: Baptism is taken as in all its completion…washing of regeneration as "analogous expressions" (The Greek New Testament).

James Macknight: "Through the bath of regeneration: through baptism; called 'the bath of regeneration,'…because it is an emblem of the purification of his soul from sin" (Apostolical Epistles).

 

These commentators all agree that the "washing of regeneration" is a veiled reference to baptism. But most of them failed to connect it with the next phrase which mentions our Savior Jesus Christ. Which clearly means that the baptism was received in the name of Jesus. Titus 3:5-6 “by the washing of regeneration, [baptism]…through Jesus Christ our Saviour” We need to keep in mind that Titus was appointed by the Apostle Paul, who always baptized in the name of Jesus.

 

Paul and baptism in the name: Paul came many years later after the church was established. If anyone in the church baptized in the traditional manner, then someone might have mentioned to Paul what Jesus said in Matthew 28:19 according to the traditional view. However all the evidence clearly shows that Paul only knew baptism in the name of Jesus and we therefore must assume that any baptism done by Paul was done in the name of Jesus even if it is not specifically mentioned.

 

            Paul was seeking "to bind all that call upon the Name of Jesus" (Acts 9:14), yet it was Jesus himself who binded him for his kingdom. Then he was baptized by calling upon the name of Jesus (Acts 22:16), after that we see that when he baptizes someone it is often mentioned that he baptized them in the name of Jesus. (Acts 18:8, 19:5) Then he mentions baptism in the name of Jesus to the churches that he writes to (Rom 6:3, Gal 3:27, 1 Cor 1:13, Col 2:12). Therefore we must go by this evidence which clearly points that that even when it is not mentioned in the scripture, then we must believe that those baptism were also done in the name of Jesus.

 

Other baptisms evidently done in the name of Jesus: OK the New Testament does not say in what name the following baptisms were done, but let us judge the overall evidence and see what name for baptism does the evidence supports. There is usually a pattern that reveals hidden information. All a person needs to do is to use deductive reasoning and connect the dots.

 

Acts 8:35-38 “Then Philip opened his mouth, and began at the same scripture, and preached unto him Jesus. And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water: and the eunuch said, See, here is water; what does hinder me to be baptized? And Philip said, if you believe with all your heart, you may. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. And he commanded the chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.”

 

Let us look at the whole scenario

Evidence #1: We know that Philip in Acts 8:12 had just preached the name of Jesus Christ and had finished baptizing a whole city in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Evidence #2: Would Phillip change the way he baptized in just one day?

Evidence #3: Like in Samaria the name of Jesus Christ is mentioned in connection with Baptism.

Evidence #4: The only name that Philip preached in this whole chapter was Jesus.

Evidence #5:  Obviously God approved of his ministry so he is told by God to go into the desert.

Evidence #6: The Ethiopian Orthodox Church is one of the oldest churches in the world; they claim this Ethiopian Eunuch as their founder. This church used to only baptize in the name of Jesus Christ in the first centuries of its almost 2000 years of existence.

 

Phillip baptized the Ethiopian. This new convert took the Acts message to North Africa and started North African Christianity. This message spread through all of Africa. It never perished. General History of the Christian Religion and Church (1861) pp.71, 79, 132, 424 by August Neander

“The Ethiopian Orthodox Church is one of the oldest organized churches in the world and dates back to biblical times (Acts 8:27-39)…The church today has continued to maintain the stance that it would only baptize in the name of Jesus Christ.” Archbishop Abuna Yesehaq who baptised Bob Marley. “Bob Marley himself, before he died, he got baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ” Tommy Cowan. “Between 1970 and 1978 about 20,000 Rastas were baptised in the name of our Lord and Saviour Iyesus Kristos.” Testimony of a member of a Pentecostal Apostolic Church.

 

Summary: We see that Philip preached Jesus and baptized in the name of Jesus a whole city, his ministry received approval from God and was told to meet the eunuch in the desert; this man believed that Jesus was the Son of God, so if there was a baptism it had to be in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

 

Acts 16: 15 “When she and the members of her household were baptized, she invited us to her home. "If you consider me a believer in the Lord," she said, "come and stay at my house." And she persuaded us.”

 

Acts 16:31-33 And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you shall be saved, and your house. And they spoke unto him the word of the Lord, and to all that were in his house. And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, immediately. And when he had brought them into his house, he sat food before them, and rejoiced, believing in God with all his house.” (The name of Jesus Christ is mentioned in connection with Baptism) Not only that but it also says “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ” and “having believed in God” these two verses make it clear that Jesus is God.

 

Acts 18:8 (Codex Bezae) “And Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized believing in God through the name of our Lord Jesus Christ” (The name of the Lord Jesus Christ is mentioned in connection with Baptism) 1 Cor 1:14 recalls this baptism.

 

Evidence #1: Let us remember that Paul in the past had baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.

Evidence #2: Years in the future Paul will still be baptizing in the name of the Lord Jesus.

Evidence #3: Only the name of Jesus Christ is mentioned in these passages.

Evidence #4: Paul ministry was guided by God, he was in direct communication.

Evidence #5: Paul often claimed to have preached the same message everywhere, then he must also have use the same baptism everywhere.

Evidence #6: Paul in his future letters often mentions that the believers had been baptized in the name of Jesus.

 

Summary: So putting together the past and future pattern of Paul’s baptisms; and the mention of the name of Jesus, the evidence clearly indicates that all of these three baptisms were done in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. Another piece of evidence is that his epistles mention or allude to baptism in the name of Jesus; 1 Cor 6:11, Rom 6:3, Gal 3:27 and Col 2:12 which only serve to strengthen our case. The preponderance of all the combined evidence in the book of Acts and in the Epistles only serve to indicate that all these three baptisms which were done by Paul were done in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

 

Acts 18:24-26 (NIV) “Meanwhile a Jew named Apollos, a native of Alexandria, came to Ephesus. He was a learned man, with a thorough knowledge of the Scriptures. He had been instructed in the way of the Lord, and he spoke with great fervor and taught about Jesus accurately, though he knew only the baptism of John. He began to speak boldly in the synagogue. When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they invited him to their home and explained to him the way of God more adequately.”

 

Arguments: Now we have here a preacher who spoke and taught about Jesus accurately, but he knew only the baptism of John, so how did Priscilla and Aquila taught him the way of the Lord more perfectly? Well I will extrapolate from how Paul dealt with other Ephesian disciples of John who also only knew John’s baptism; well he rebaptized them in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. (Acts 19:1-6) Priscilla and Aquila were companions and coworkers with Paul; they knew his message, so when they heard Apollos they realized that he did not know about baptism in the name of Jesus; that is the reason that it is mentioned that he only knew the baptism of John. Using the example of Paul as a template then it is clear that they taught and baptized Apollos in the name of Jesus just like they learned from Paul. This account of Apollos is a parallel to the one in Acts 19. Why is this interesting? Well because there others out there who like Apollos also teach about Jesus accurately, but know only the baptism in the traditional text.

Paul                                                     Priscilla and Aquila                             !Servants of God

12 Disciples                                         Apollos                                                !Converts

Baptized by John                                Baptized by John                                !Prior baptism

Taught more about Jesus                     Taught more about Jesus                     !Lacked knowledge

Rebaptized in the name of Jesus         Rebaptized in the name of Jesus      !Rebaptism

 

Hidden references to baptism in other scriptures: Sometimes we can read between the lines and see the hidden allusions, references or connections to the practice of baptism in the scriptures.

 

1). Romans 13:14 “But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires”

This is perhaps an allusion to baptism in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ or to remember such baptism.

For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ” Galatians 3:27

 

2) 1 Corinthians 12:13 “For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.” This verse connects with water in two ways, when a person is baptized it is done in water, Jesus also said that we would drink living water. This verse could be an allusion to water baptism on the outside and the infilling of the holy spirit in the inside. baptism is mentioned several times in 1 Corinthians prior to chapter 13, Look at how the language matches the baptismal text just two chapters before in 1 Cor 10:2-4 “were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea…And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.” Look at how it also parallels Galatians 3:27 which tells us that we are “baptized into Christ" – “baptized into one body”, the clearest evidence that Paul is talking about water baptism is that he is talking throughout 1 Corinthians 12 about the visible church, by Peter Leithart. Christ and his church form one body, as Head and members. Christians become members of this body by baptism. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

 

3). 2 Corinthians 1:22 - “who has placed his seal on us and has given us the Spirit in our hearts as a down payment.”

There have been those who have made a connection in this verse to baptism.

“In baptism, we are sealed with the Spirit, looking forward to our complete redemption”

Christian Doctrine: The Faith Once Delivered (1983) by William J. Richardson

“Grosheide, who maintains that in the New Testament "seal" does not always imply baptism, believes that 2 Corinthians 1:22 does have a connection with baptism.” Major Themes in the Reformed Tradition (1998) by Donald K. McKim

 

Now he which establisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God; - The great commission

Who hath also sealed us, - Baptism in Christ’s name

and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. – Infilling of the Holy Spirit.

 

4). Ephesians 4:5 – “One Lord, one faith, one baptism” Although this is a well known baptismal text, many fail to see the connection of this text with baptism in the name of Christ. “There is one body and one Spirit, just as you were called to one hope when you were called; one Lord, one faith, one baptism; one God” if you count them there are seven ones mentioned

Now look at this

One body        "         The Body of Christ (1 Corinthians 12:27)

One Spirit        "         The Spirit of Christ (Romans 8:9)

One hope         "         Christ Jesus our hope (1 Timothy 1:1)

One Lord        "         Christ Jesus our Lord (Romans 6:23)

One faith         "         the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ (James 2:1)

One baptism    "         baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. (Acts 19:5)

One God         "         our great God and Savior Jesus Christ (Titus 2:13)

 

As you can see everyone of these ‘ones’ is connected with Jesus Christ,  if there is only one baptism then it has to be done in the one name of the one Lord Jesus Christ just like the apostles preached and practiced.

 

5). Ephesians 5:26 - “That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word”

I am going to go out on a limb out there and make the case that Ephesians 5 Verse 26 is a veiled reference to baptism in the name of Jesus. When we read it in other versions, we can see that it refers to baptism.

NIV. “to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with water through the word”

Noyes. “that he might sanctify it, having cleansed it by the bath of the water in the word”

Goodspeed. “to consecrate her, after cleansing her with the bath in water through her confession of him

Name of God Bible. He did this to make the church holy by cleansing it, washing it using water along with spoken words.

Weymouth. “in order to make her holy, cleansing her with the baptismal water by the word,”

Living Bible. to make her holy and clean, washed by baptism and God’s Word;

 

Expanded Bible. 26 to ·make her holy [sanctify her], cleansing her in the washing of water by the word [C the “washing” may be (1) baptism, (2) spiritual cleansing (Titus 3:5), or (3) an analogy drawn from the Jewish prenuptial bath (Ezek. 16:8–14); the “word” may be (1) the Gospel, (2) a baptismal formula, or (3) the confession of the one baptized].

 

In Ephesians 5:26 the Greek term employed for washing is loutro. The same word is used in Acts 22:16, as noted earlier: "Rise and be baptized, and wash away your sins." In this Acts account Baptism and washing away sins are synonymous. Louo means to wash, bathe." A. Oepke in the Theological Dictionary states that in many instances, this "is a clear reference to baptism. On the basis of this meaning of and usage of the terms cleansing and washing away of sins, we may rightly conclude that Ephesians 5:26 is a clear reference to baptism. Baptism: God's Activity of Grace (2006) p. 42 by Doctor Morris Vaagenes.

As some may see and know this is really a reference to baptism the initial rite of initiation into the body of Christ. Other ministers have also made the argument that this verse refers to baptism in a symbolic way. However I propose that the next part is a symbolic or cryptic reference to the name of Jesus, for he is “the word.” (his name is the Word of God, Rev 19:13) That this is a veiled reference that the name of Jesus was pronounced at baptism. For it is by the name of Jesus we are cleansed from all sins; for it is through the name of Jesus that we attain salvation; for it is in his name that we are saved.

 

6). 1 Peter 1:22

Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, - Chosen by God the Father.

through sanctification of the Spirit, - Infilling of the holy Spirit.

unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: - Baptism in Jesus’ name.

 

7). 1 Peter 1:22 – “Now that you have purified yourselves by obeying the truth so that you have sincere love for each other”

Some believe that the phrase “purified your souls in obeying the truth” (1 Peter 1:22) refers to past baptism. Although the word “baptism” is not mentioned, the word purified seems related to it for Baptism is indeed a water purification ritual.

One reason for this belief is the connection between this passage and 1 Peter 3:20.

A second reason is because 1 Peter is considered a baptismal sermon.

And third are the many parallels between 1 Peter 1 and Peter’s Pentecost sermon in Acts 2.

 

Commandment: “Repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus” -    for the remission of sins

Fulfillment:        “in obeying the truth”                                        -     purified your souls

 

In Acts 2 Peter is speaking to the Diaspora Jews in order to convert them to the faith.

In 1 Peter 1 Peter is speaking to the Diaspora Christians in order to confirm them in their faith.

Looking carefully at the message we see that basically 1 Peter 1 is a retelling of the message in Acts 2.

“Thus when Peter talks about his readers purifying their souls in obedience to the truth, he is referring to their obedience in baptism.” Pastor Steven J. Cole

“When Peter says, since you have purified yourselves by obedience to the truth, he is probably referring to the process of conversion completed in the sacrament of baptism.” First and Second Peter, Jude (2011) by Doctor Daniel A. Keating

 

8). 1 Peter 3:20-21 – “and this water symbolizes baptism that now saves you also--not the removal of dirt from the body but the pledge of a clear conscience toward God. It saves you by the resurrection of Jesus Christ”

In here it tells us that People were saved by water and in the same manner baptism now also saves us. But how does it saves us, well it saves us by the resurrection of Jesus Christ. If baptism saves us by the resurrection of Jesus Christ, then it has to be in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ for it is by that name that people were resurrected in the book of Acts.

 

Someone may say that 1 Peter 1:22 and 1 Peter 3:21 do not specifically mention the name of Jesus in baptism, but the fact that they were both written by Peter who in the book of Acts always baptized in the name of Jesus and that the name of Jesus is so prominent in these passages, it gives it a strong possibility that these passages do refer to baptism in the name of Jesus.

 

9). Hebrews 6:1-2 “Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God, of the doctrine of baptisms” In here Paul tells us that there is a foundational doctrine of baptisms, which clearly indicate more than one. This would include a water baptism as one of them, if this baptism is a part of the doctrine of Christ, then it must be a baptism in Christ’s name.

 

10). Hebrews 6:4

(AB) “But those who have descended once to baptism and tasted the gift from Heaven and received The Spirit of Holiness”

 (Etheridge) “But they who once unto baptism have descended, and have tasted the gift which is from heaven, and have received the Spirit of Holiness”

(Murdock) “But they who have once descended to baptism, and have tasted the gift from heaven, and have received the Holy Spirit”

(Lamsa) “But this is impossible for those who have once been baptised, and have tasted the gift from heaven, and have received the Holy Spirit”

These translations clearly are an echo of Acts 2:38

 

11). Hebrews 10:22 – “having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water.”

“But the terms body and water after hearts and blood certainly suggest a direct reference to baptism. And such definite allusion is in keeping with references elsewhere to the beginning of the Christian life” Pulpit Commentary

Believers, as priests to God, are once for all washed in BODY (as distinguished from "hearts") at baptism.” Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

Many other commentators also see in the phrase “having our bodies washed with pure water.” a clear reference to baptism.

 

12). Hebrews 10:32

(AB) “Remember therefore the first days in which you received baptism and endured a great contest of suffering with reproach and affliction”

(Etheridge) “Be mindful, therefore, of the first days, those in which ye received baptism; and when ye sustained a great agony of sufferings, with ignominy and affliction”

(Murdock) “Therefore, recollect ye the former days, those in which ye received baptism, and endured a great conflict of sufferings, with reproach and affliction”

(Lamsa) “Remember, therefore, the former days, in which, after you received baptism, you endured a great fight of suffering”

 

13). 1 John 2:12 "I am writing to you, little children, because your sins are forgiven through his name" (i.e., sins forgiven through the name given in Baptism).  “This teaches about baptism by mentioning the name or word given in Baptism” by Professor of Exegetical Theology Charles A. Gieschen. "Another possible allusion to baptism occurs in 1 John 2:12, where forgiveness of sins is said to occur ‘on account of his name.’ "Baptism in the Early Church: (2009) by Everett Ferguson.

 

14). 1 John 5:6 – “This is the one who came by water and blood--Jesus Christ. He did not come by water only, but by water and blood.”

Most commentators see here in the words water and blood a connection to Jesus’ baptism and his crucifixion. We must remember that Jesus begun his ministry by his baptism in water and he ended his ministry by his death in the cross where he shed blood. Many Christians begin their walk in the Lord by baptism and end up in martyrdom.

“Here the apostle says that the Spirit witnesses this; that he came not by water only - being baptized, and baptizing men in his own name that they might be his followers and disciples”  Clarke's Commentary

 

Baptism in the book of Revelation: Many Christians are unaware that allusions or connections to baptism are mentioned in the book of Revelation. The reason many fail to see the allusions to baptism in there is because Revelation speaks in symbolic language. The rich imagery of Revelation needs to be read in the context of the whole New Testament.

 

Revelation 1:5 “Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood”

The washing by his blood occurs when we are baptized in his name, for it is his blood that symbolically is applied to us in baptism.

 

Revelation 3:4 “Yet you have still a few names in Sardis, people who have not soiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white, for they are worthy.   He who conquers shall be clad thus in white garments.”

White garments are the symbol of purity, in the early church a tradition of giving white robes to new believers after their baptism, became common. Being clad in white garments is a symbolic way of saying we have put on Christ and we put on Christ when we get baptized in his name. The washing of our sins in baptism results in us wearing white clothing. Rev 7:14.

 

Revelation 7:14 “they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.”

This is an allusion to baptism in the blood of Jesus Christ and the blood of Jesus is applied by baptism in his name and having as a result white garments, which are often mentioned in Revelation.

 

Revelation 22:1 “Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb”

New believers often were baptized in flowing rivers; this river of life symbolizes the baptism of the believers; for baptism in his name makes the water a living water. It is the water of life that we receive in baptism. This is the water that flowed out of the body of our lord at his crucifixion.

 

Revelation 22:17 “The Spirit and the bride say, "Come!" And let the one who hears say, "Come!" Let the one who is thirsty come; and let the one who wishes take the free gift of the water of life.”

This passage could be taken symbolically as a call from the spirit and the church for those who want to be saved to come and be baptized.

 

The Corinthians were baptized in the name of Jesus: All the evidence in the scriptures gathered together concerning the Corinthians clearly points out that the Corinthians were indeed baptized in the name of Jesus.  Look at all these texts as a group and you will see how they all relate.

Acts 18:8 (Codex Bezae) (Fragment Floriacensia)

“Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized believing in God through the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

1 Corinthians 1:2 “with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord

1 Corinthians 1:13 “Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul?”

1 Corinthians 1:15 “so no one can say that you were baptized in my name”

1 Corinthians 6:11 “And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.”

1 Corinthians 10:2, 11 “They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea… These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us”

1 Corinthians 12:13 “For we were all baptized by one Spirit so as to form one body” This often misunderstood verse does make an oblique reference to baptism.

1 Corinthians 15:29 “Now if there is no resurrection, what will those do who are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why are people baptized for them?”

1 Corinthians 3:6 “I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase.” Some have taken this text as a veiled reference to baptism, since baptism is a topic often addressed by Paul in this letter to the Corinthians. Meaning that Paul planted the seed of the Gospel, but it was Apollos who baptized the majority of the Corinthians.

If the apostles had baptized in their own name then Paul would not have asked the Corinthians, unto what name they had been baptized, but it is obvious from his own words that none of the Corinthians could say that they were baptized in the name of Paul or in the name of anyone else but in the name of Jesus.

Paul uses the exodus as an example for the believers. That after all the people had been baptized into Moses, they still fell into sins; so likewise all the Corinthians had been baptized into Christ and that they should beware of falling into sins, like the Israelites did.

There are many interpretations regarding 1 Cor 15:29, but a common one is that this was proxy baptism of converts who died before they were baptized, under the assumption that they would have been baptized if they had lived. But regardless of which one is the proper interpretation, the point is that baptisms were being conducted. They called the name of the Lord in baptism. All these scriptures link the Corinthians to the practice of baptism in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

 


How many times was baptism mentioned in each phrase: Let us see which baptism is supported by more scriptures, which side has more weight? I am only including those scriptures that make a strong case for baptism in the name of Jesus and not including those which do not have a strong case.

Here are 15 scriptures that strongly support “in my name”, and only one that supports the traditional text. According to the Biblical standard for a guilty verdict, there had to be at least 2 witnesses, so where is the second witness to the traditional text?

 

Places where baptism was done in the name of Jesus

Jerusalem, Acts 2:38

Samaria,  Acts 8:16

Damascus, Acts 9:18

Caesarea, Acts 10:48

Philippi, Acts 16:33

Corinth, Acts 18:8

Ephesus, Acts 19:5

Rome, Romans 6:3

Galatia, Galatians 3:27

Colossae, Colossians 2:12

Crete, Titus 3:5-6

 

Now in which city was anyone baptized in the traditional formula?

 

The symbolism in baptism: The ancient ones often mentioned baptism as into the death of Christ. The symbolism of baptism is as follows. It is the death, the burial and the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Symbolically we identify with Christ thru baptism. The mention of the father, the Son and the Holy Spirit is incongruent with the symbolism of baptism because neither the Father nor the Holy Spirit gave their blood for us or died for us, neither of them was buried and none of them rose up again from the death, the only one who fits all these symbolisms is Jesus Christ.

 

Matthew 28:18-20 in Acts 2:  The great commission in Matthew is echoed in the day of Pentecost.

Mat 28:18 "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me"

Acts 2:19 “I will show wonders in the heavens above and signs on the earth below”

Acts 2:36 “God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Messiah”

Mat 28:19 "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations"

Acts 2:5 “there were devout Jews from every nation living in Jerusalem”

Mat 28:19 baptizing them in the name

Acts 2:38 “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ”

Mat 28:19 "of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit"

 

Mat 28:19 “teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you”

Acts 2:42 “They devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and to fellowship”

Mat 28:20 “And surely I am with you always”

Acts 2:43 “the many wonders and signs performed by the apostles”

Acts 2:47 “the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved”

 

Calling on the name of the Lord: Here are some citations where calling on the name of the Lord is linked to baptism.

 

Acts 2:21 “And it shall come to pass that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved”

Baptism is mentioned at the end of this sermon in relation to the name of the Lord. Acts 2:38

 

Acts 9:14 “And here he hath authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on thy name

How did those whom Paul binded called on his name? Just like Paul did when he joined their ranks.

Paul did it by calling the name of the Lord in baptism. Acts 22:16

Acts 22:16 “Arise and be baptized and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.”

 

Acts 15:17 “That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called [invoked], saith the Lord who doeth all these things”.

When is the name of the Lord called or invoked? Well it is clear from the book of Acts that his name is called in baptism.

 

Romans 10:13 “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved”

And how had the Romans called upon the name of the Lord? In baptism of course, it is in Romans 6:3

 

1 Corinthians 1:2 “with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord”

Well how did all the saints in every place (Samaria, Caesarea, Philippi and Ephesus) called upon the name of the Lord? By calling his name in baptism.

 

James 2:7 Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called? What was that holy name? and when was it called upon them? Vincent’s Word Studies (1886): By the which ye are called (τ πικληθν ἐϕμς) Lit., which is called upon you; the name of Christ, invoked in baptism.

 

We are to call upon the name of the Lord to be saved; we are to call his name in prayer, to cast out devils, when we need a miracle, in song, and also in baptism. If his name is good enough to be called in times of trouble and in times of rejoicing then it is also good enough to be called in the holy ceremony of baptism.

 

Believing on him and his name: Look at all the times that John wrote about believing on him; and how this is connected to his name; and how believing in his name is eventually connected with baptism.

 

John 6:47 “He that believeth on me

John 7:38 “He that believeth on me

John 8:30 “many believed on him

John 10:42 “many believed on him

And many more

 

John 1:12 “even to them that believe on his name:

John 2:23 “many believed in his name”

John 3:18 “because he hath not believed in the name”

John 20:31 “and that believing ye might have life through his name”

1 John 3:23 “That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ”

1John 5:13 “I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God”

 

Mark 16:16-20 “believes and is baptized-saved-In my name-the Lord Jesus

Acts 2:38-41 “baptized-the name of Jesus Christ-Save-believed-baptized

Acts 8:12-16 “believed-the name of Jesus Christ-baptized-the name of the Lord Jesus

Acts 8:35-37 “preached unto him Jesus-me to be baptized?-If thou believest

Acts 10:43-48 “his name-believeth-baptized in the name of Jesus Christ

Acts 16:15 “were baptized-"If you consider me a believer in the Lord"

Acts 16:31-33 “Believe in the Lord Jesus-he and all his household were baptized

Acts 18:8 “believed-baptized believing-the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

Acts 19:4 "to believe-in Jesus-they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus

 

We see here clearly that believing in Jesus is often shown by being baptized in his name. The link of belief in Jesus with being baptized in his name is indisputable. People are not baptized in the name of the Lord, because they do not believe in the name of the Lord. If they really believed that there was salvation in the name of Jesus then they would not object to being baptized in his name, instead of making excuses, they would run to the water.

 

Baptism is in the name of one person, In his name (My Name): When a convert to Judaism was baptized, he was always baptized in the name of his rabbi; there is no recorded case of any convert being baptized in the name of more than one person. The Witnesses Testimony ASV
Peter Acts 2:38 in the name of Jesus Christ (The Name, singular, one person)
Peter Acts 10:48 in the name of Jesus Christ (The Name, singular, one person)
Phillip Acts 8:16 into the name of the Lord Jesus (The Name, singular, one person)
Paul Acts 19:5 into the name of the Lord Jesus (The Name, singular, one person)
Ananias Acts 22 his name (His Name, singular, one person)
Jesus Luke 24:54 in his name (His Name, singular, one person)
Jesus Mark 16:17 in my name (My name, singular, one person)

 

Traditional Matthew 28:19 (The name, singular, three persons??)

 

Churches baptized in the name of Jesus: According to the Bible the churches in Jerusalem (Acts 2:38) and the Church in Samaria (Acts 8:16) were baptized in the name of Jesus. However these other churches were also baptized in the same manner; the Romans (Romans 6:3), the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 6:11), the Galatians (Galatians 3:27), the Ephesians (Acts 19:5) and the Colossians (Colossians 2:12). Which covers all the churches with epistles in the New Testament, except for the Philippians and Thessalonians. However since the Philippians were baptized by Paul (Acts 16:33), it is obvious that they too were baptized in the name of Jesus, which leaves us only with the church of the Thessalonians without being mentioned as having been baptized in the name of Jesus. So we have 6 churches to which Paul wrote which were baptized in the name of Jesus, with only one where baptism is not mentioned at all, however we do know that Paul founded the Church in Thessalonica in Acts 17:1-9, so it is most probably that they too were baptized by Paul even though no mention is made of such an event.

 

The New Testament supports ‘in my Name’: Look at the list below and see which expression has the most support in the New Testament.

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OK here is the score so far

1 mention of the traditional phrase                    99 references to my name or his name (of Jesus)

0 baptisms in the traditional phrase                   6 baptisms in the name of Jesus

0 baptisms considered done in this phrase         3 baptisms considered done in the name of Jesus

0 allusions to baptism in the name of Jesus       6 allusions to baptism in the name of Jesus            

1 piece of NT evidence                                      114 pieces of NT evidences

1 book gives support to the traditional phrase   19 books support the phrase in my name or his name

 

Luke credibility on his writings: The credibility of Luke comes into question, for he wrote his gospel and then the book of Acts. In the book of Acts he described the baptism practice of the early Church. If he was mistaken then we have no credible record anywhere else of the early baptismal practices of the Apostolic Church.

Luke was aware of the existence of other gospels that were around; he most certainly looked at the gospel of Mark. But he thought that what was available was not good enough for his friend Theophilus, he probably found the records not detailed enough or deficient in some other ways. Because he was unsatisfied with what was available, he decided to create his own gospel. Mark had written his gospel from the recollections of Peter, but we can see that Luke went to the family of Jesus (Mary and James) and hung around Peter, before he joined up with Paul. Luke got more sources and information so he wrote the largest gospel and the book of Acts which is longer than any gospel.

Luke in his writings assures us that he is writing the truth after having made a detailed investigation. His credibility falls to pieces if he wrote wrong the instructions of Jesus or incorrectly reported the baptismal practice of the early Apostolic church. But biblical archeology continually shows that the accounts of Luke to be totally reliable in the details regarding the places, names, customs and culture of those times. Luke must have taken good notes and asked plenty of questions; for he is without a doubt a first rate historian, and there isn’t a single detail that he ever got wrong. (Luke 1:1-4)

 

Baptism is in water and blood: This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth. (1 John 5:6) When Jesus was crucified from his cut side flowed water and blood. These two have often been linked together in many ancient scriptures. Moses was given the power to turn water into blood. (Exodus4:9) The blood of the animals was not to be eaten but to be poured upon the earth like if it was water (Deut 2:16) When the priests made sacrifices the blood of those sacrifices were washed with water. Jesus said “For this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins” (Matthew 26:28) We know that Jesus did not actually turn the wine into real blood and gave it to his disciples; it was symbolic. But we also do know that Jesus turned water into wine. Water by itself is just water, that is why in baptism we apply the blood of Jesus to the water by pronouncing his name; it is his name that puts his blood into the water. Turning water into blood is a common theme in the Bible. When a person is baptized they are baptized both into water and his blood and their sins are forgiven. When a child is born there is water and there is blood, likewise when we are born again there is water and there is blood.

WATER BAPTISM IN JESUS NAME and Why!

By Prophet Moses James

A believer is not saved (born-again) if not washed in JESUS Blood.  The only way that one can be washed in JESUS Blood is by water Baptism in HIS Name!!

The baptismal waters are both a tomb and a womb designated by GOD for the purpose of birthing HIS New Family.

As a tomb where our sin’s are exchanged for JESUS Life (Romans 6:4) 4Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.

As a Womb where The SPIRIT of GOD give birth to the repentant believer (John 3:5-6)   5Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.  6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.

Only the blood of Jesus can make pure water. “For our guilty consciences have been sprinkled with Christ's blood to make us clean, and our bodies have been washed with pure water.” (Hebrews 10:22) NLT, a clear reference to baptism in his name.

 

In revelation the saints have washed themselves in the blood of the lamb. (Rev 7:14)

In other words the saints in revelation have been baptized into Christ.

 

If you keep in mind the connection of baptism with the blood of Jesus, you can look at the scriptures below and compare them to Acts 2:38 and you will see that they are in accord.

In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins (Ephesians 1:7)

In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins (Colossians 1:14)

you have obeyed him and have been cleansed by the blood of Jesus Christ (1 Peter 1:2) NLT

Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood (Revelation 1:5)

and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanses us from all sin. (1 John 1:7)

 

Here is a second look at the great commission, with the Eusebius & Annarikhus citations

Jesus

Message

Response

Baptism

Which name

Gospel

spake unto them

Teaching them

observe all things

immersing

my name

Matthew

said unto them

the gospel

believeth

baptized

my name

Mark

told them

tell everything

turn to God

remission of sins

his name

Luke

said to them

these are written

believe

baptized (Jhn 4:2)

his name

John

said to them

be witnesses

Repent

baptized

his name

Acts

 

Other words for baptism: In the scriptures, in the Apocryphal narratives and in the post-apostolic writings, sometimes other words are used for baptism like washed or the washing; the seal or the mark; the door or the first sacrament; the illumination or even the circumcision of Christ. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1910) 11th ed. Vol 3, p364

Kefa answered them, “Turn from sin, return to God, and each of you be immersed on the authority of Yeshua the Messiah into forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Ruach HaKodesh!” (Acts 2:38, The Complete Jewish Bible).

“Repent”, said Peter, “and be washed, each one of you, in the name of Jesus the anointed, for the forgiveness of your wrongs, and receive the gift of the sacred breath.” (Acts 2:38, The Unvarnished New Testament).

 

In Christianity in many ancient texts baptism is referred as the seal; also it was referred to as the seal in Christ or the holy seal, according to The Larger Catechism 177 says baptism “is a sign and seal of our regeneration and ingrafting into Christ”. Even Simon Magus himself received the seal of the Lord. Origines ecclesiastic (1834) p.119 by Joseph Bingham.

The Christian fathers have, from Apostolic times, used the word "seal" as a title of Christian Baptism the least which this would shew, is that such was the received usage of the word "seal" in the time of St. Paul. Scriptural views of Holy Baptism (1836) p. 112 by Hebrew Professor Edward Bouverie Pusey.

The Testimony of Truth written sometime around 150-200 AD has the following statement. “There are some, who upon entering the faith, receive a baptism on the ground that they have it as a hope of salvation, which they call the "seal"”

The Didascalia Apostolorum written sometime around the 3rd Century, “the seal of baptism ought to be (kept) unbroken in purity and holiness”

Dr. Beasley-Murray wrote regarding the seal in The Shepherd of Hermas, Similitude 9:16

“The impression gained from this statement is that the seal properly speaking is the name stamped on the baptized in his baptism, and that the term has become extended to cover the baptismal act that bestows the seal. Heitmuller believed that this was part at least of the real significance of the uttering of the name of Jesus over the baptized and that it reveals the origin of the conception of baptism as a seal: by setting of the name of Jesus on the baptized it stamped him as his property - put his brand or trademark upon him! - and set him under his protection… We cannot doubt that this inward sealing of the Spirit is conceived as taking place in baptism in the name of Jesus, when the name was invoked and called over the baptizedThe seal is given when a man is washed, sanctified, justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and in the Spirit of our God, even as he is baptized to the one body in the one Spirit” Baptism in the New Testament (1962) p. 174

When a king wrote a letter often the letter had a seal with the name of the king. The seal signified that this letter was from the king or that something belonged to the king. “Write ye also for the Jews, as it liketh you, in the king's name, and seal it with the king's ring: for the writing which is written in the king's name, and sealed with the king's ring, may no man reverse.” (Esther 8:8) Hot wax was poured upon the writing and the seal of the King was put in the wax and the image of the seal was there for all to see. In the same manner when a person has the seal of king Jesus upon them it means that they belong to the King. That is what baptism is, the water is poured upon us and the name of the King is put upon us. Having the seal of the king mark us as his property.

 

Dr. George M. Lamsa translated the word enlighted as baptized in his English Peshitta Translation.

(Lamsa) Hebrews 6:4 But this is impossible for those who have once been baptized and have tasted the gift from heaven and have received the Holy Spirit

For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,

Baptisteries were commonly called photisteria, illuminatories. The baptistery of Santa Sophia, at Constantinople, was called ''the great illuminatory.''

 

The two parts of baptism: Baptism is in reality a two part event, the first part is the buried with Jesus into his death. That is when a person is fully submerged into the water. The second part is when the person rises out of the water as a new born person. The person has died in his sins, but is resurrected in the name of Jesus.

Part (1) Having been buried with him in baptism, Part (2) in which you were also raised with him through faith in the powerful working of God, who raised him from the dead. Colossians 2:12

Part (1) We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, Part (2) we too might walk in newness of life. Romans 6:4

We are buried with Christ and we are raised with Christ. Therefore we use the name of Christ in our baptism.

Joseph Barber Lightfoot, Canon of St Paul's Cathedral and Bishop of Durham said:"The sacrament of baptism as administered in the apostolic age involved a twofold symbolism—a death or burial and a resurrection. In the rite itself these were represented by two distinct acts—the disappearance beneath the water and the emergence from the water. But in the change typified by the rite there are two aspects of the same thing, 'like the concave and convex in a circle,' to use an old simile. The negative side, *the death and burial, implies the positive side, the resurrection. The Church: Its Polity and Ordinances (1879) p. 139 by Hezekiah Harvey

 

These disciples spoke directly with Jesus: One amazing thing about the people who advocated baptism in the name of Jesus (Peter, Paul, Philip and Ananias) is that they all had audible conversations with Jesus in their ministry. I know that Jesus spoke directly to these disciples in the Book of Acts; they did not read a message written by someone else or heard the message second hand from someone else, no, it was Jesus himself who spoke quite directly to them. If these early disciples were wrong in their baptismal practice why did not Jesus say something like “by the way, you got baptism wrong, let me correct you”. On the other hand as far as I know, those who claim the traditional baptism have not heard the voice of Jesus speaking to them directly, so I have to wonder about them.

 

The Apostles agree on baptism in the name of the Lord: If the triune phrase was known it would have been used at least once by someone in the book of Acts. Yet four disciples concur in using the name of Jesus in baptism.

  1. If Peter spoke the truth on the book of Acts, then it is obvious that he obeyed Jesus and Jesus did commanded his disciples to baptize in his name and not in the triune phrase. If Peter spoke a lie and willfully disobeyed Jesus, then we need to get rid of everything that Peter said or wrote including his epistles, since he was not an obedient or a reliable witness to Jesus’ words.

  2. The Apostle Paul claims to have received his gospel message directly from Jesus himself, and not from the other apostles. Yet he also did everything in the name of Jesus, including baptism. How is it possible that he used the same baptismal words as the apostles, unless Jesus himself had told him those words?
                Could it be that Paul is lying and he did receive his message from the other Apostles or in truth Jesus did command him to baptize converts in Jesus’ name? Paul always baptized in the name of Jesus, someone must have taught him that. If Paul got his message from Jesus then why would Jesus command him to baptize differently than he had commanded his other Apostles?      Think about this, Paul was in the desert of Arabia for three years in prayer and meditation and being instructed personally by Jesus. How is it possible for Jesus to have instructed Paul for 3 years and never once mentioned to him the proper way to baptize, or perhaps he did? If Jesus had indeed instructed his Apostles to baptize in the traditional formula, would not Jesus also have instructed Paul to also baptize in the same way? If Peter was wrong in his baptism, Paul would have corrected him, after all Paul did correct Peter regarding his wrong behavior one time.
                We do know that Paul was baptized in the name of Jesus, he baptized others in the name of Jesus, and many times mentions in his letters baptism in the name of Jesus. Later on Paul includes himself with those who had been baptized in the name of Jesus Christ

Rom. 6:3 (MNT) “don't you know that when we were all baptized in the name of Jesus Christ”

Did you notice that he said “we were all”; this means everyone, including himself.

So much for the Roman Road system of salvation which does not even mention baptism, the original Roman Christians were all baptized in the name of Jesus Christ.

 

The apostles understood the Scriptures: Luke 24:27 “And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself.”

Luke 24:45 (Paraphrase) “Then Jesus opened the Apostles minds to understand the Scriptures”

After his resurrection, Jesus spent 40 days with them, explaining the scriptures and opening their minds so that they could understand correctly the scriptures. Are we to assume that in those 40 days Jesus did not instructed them correctly on the manner of baptism, seeing it became such an integral part of their message? Did Jesus forget to teach them about baptism, so they just went ahead and decided to create their own baptismal formula? On the day of Pentecost, didn’t the Apostles receive the Holy Spirit, which was to guide them into all truth? So let me get this straight, the Apostles were personally instructed by Jesus for 3 years and a half, then a boot camp of 40 days and they were full of the Holy Spirit, yet somehow, they still got baptism, the initial rite of initiation wrong? Well if someone needs the scriptures explained to them for they do have their mind closed and definitely do not understand the scriptures, it is those who do not baptize in the name of Jesus.

 

Apostolic Authority: Jesus personally gave the Apostles authority; (Luke 10:19) those who deny the Apostle’s mode of baptism do not understand that they are guilty of undermining the authority that Jesus gave to his disciples. Excuse me for saying the obvious but the Apostles actually lived with Jesus. They were with Jesus for over 3 years and were specially trained and ordained for their ministry by none other than our Lord.

Jesus spoke directly face to face with the Apostles, they heard clearly his words, they ate with him, they touched him, they slept by his side, they actually were there. Much later Jesus spoke and ordained Paul directly and then trained him for 3 years, and yet we have some modern preachers (pretenders) removed from the time of Jesus by 2,000 years dismissing what the Apostles taught about baptism in Jesus Name as erroneous. Come on, are we seriously going to take the word of these bozos over the words of the Apostles?

 

The Apostles were obedient: The Apostles baptized in Jesus name because they got that from somewhere, where could they have gotten such doctrine? Look at all the gospels and you will see nowhere else does Jesus tells them in what name to baptize. Are we to believe they just pulled it out of the air? It is obvious that they got it from somewhere? The only place in the gospels that speaks of a specific name to use in baptism is in Matthew 28:19. So here we have the crux of the problem. Where did they got the idea of using the name of Jesus? It is obvious that they received it from Jesus himself. Look at Matthew 28:20 “and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.” The Apostles were commanded by their commander to teach others to obey everything that he had commanded, and then are we to believe that they themselves did not obey everything that Jesus commanded? If Jesus had really told them to baptize in a different way, then the Apostles are indeed guilty of not obeying everything that Jesus commanded. So it is obvious that Jesus did not gave them a different baptism than the one they practiced. It is indeed quite clear that the original text was to use his name.

 

THE APOSTLES BAPTIZED IN THE NAME OF JESUS THEIR LORD,

BECAUSE THAT IS WHAT HE COMMANDED THEM TO DO.

 

Peter was full of the Spirit of Truth: We do know that on the day of Pentecost Peter was full of the Spirit of God when he spoke, I do not know what the deniers of Peter are full of, but it certainly isn’t what Peter had, for God does not contradicts himself or interprets himself wrong. Those who go against the Apostles teaching on baptism were not there on the day of Pentecost, they have not had the sound of a mighty rushing wind and they have not had tongues of fire upon them. They have none of the experiences of the Apostles, They have none of the power of the Apostles, they have none of the miracles of the Apostles, they have none of the authority the Apostles had, they have not had Jesus speaking directly to them and ordaining them; so they do not have a higher authority to override what the Apostles taught. They have zero authority whatsoever to ignore the apostolic practice and make their own doctrine of baptism. It is obvious that they do not follow the Apostles, they follow something else and they are full of hot air when they speak.

 

Apostolic Power: Acts 1:8 “But you shall receive power, after the Holy Spirit has come upon you: and you shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.” One thing sometimes modern preachers forget is that the Apostles had power, genuine Holy Ghost power, not numbo jumbo pretend incantations spoken in mysterious Latin words; nor was it some kind of trickery. Ananias and his wife Sapphira found out the hard way that Peter had power. (Acts 5) Elymas the sorcerer found out that Paul had greater power than his sorceries.

In a sort of way they had power of attorney to act in Jesus’ behalf. They had the power to do miracles, and teach authoritatively just like Jesus did. When Peter preached in the day of Pentecost, he did not have to have his sermon approved by some far away denominational headquarters, Paul did not had to get his sermons or epistles reviewed by the rest of the Apostles. Peter and Paul were acting in the Apostolic Power that had been conferred upon them directly from heaven, not in the power given to them by a certain organization or denomination. Yet now some religious denominations that have zero Apostolic power go against the teachings of baptism of Peter and Paul. The New Dynamic Church: Your Power of Attorney (1971) pp. 43-55 by Dr. Victor Paul Wierwille

 

We are to believe the Apostles words: Some say that they will accept the words of Jesus in Matthew 28:19, but not those of Peter in Acts 2:38, which means that they will also reject the words of Phillip, the words of Ananias and even the words of Paul. These people are unaware that rejecting the Apostles words is the same as rejecting Jesus words.

Matthew 10:14 “…If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words

Mark 6:11 “…And if any place will not welcome you or listen to you

Luke 10:16 “…Whoever listens to you listens to me; whoever rejects you rejects me

John 15:20 “…if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also

John 17:20 “…which shall believe on me through their word

 

It was the Apostles’ doctrine: When Peter spoke on the day of Pentecost he had the backing of eleven other apostles even Matthew was there supporting Peter. If Peter was wrong in his baptism at least one of the eleven should have raised and objection. Peter also had the witness of Paul, Phillip, Ananias, and James who also baptized in the same manner. So he had a total of at least 15 people who supported his mode of baptism. He did not go out there and did his own thing, separated from the other Apostles. The Apostles were there united in spirit and in their message.

Acts 1:14 “These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication”

Acts 2:1 “…they were all with one accord in one place”

Acts 2:14 “But Peter, standing up with the eleven

Acts 2:32 “whereof we all are witnesses”

Acts 2:37 “unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles”

Acts 2:42 “in the apostles' doctrine”

 

The Apostles were the foundation: The church is built upon the foundation of the Apostles, if they the Apostles who were foundation were wrong about the initial rite of entry into the church, then Christianity is built upon the wrong foundation.  However baptism in the name of Jesus tells us that Christ Jesus himself is the chief cornerstone.

Ephesians 2:19-20 “Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and strangers, but fellow citizens with God’s people and also members of his household, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the chief cornerstone.”

Those people who today go around calling themselves apostles need to teach the same message that the first apostles taught, otherwise they are found to be liars. The first apostles practiced baptism in the name of Jesus and anyone who does not baptize in the same way, cannot claim to be in the line of the apostles.

 

Jesus said to them: There are some who say “Well Jesus said to us” Well sorry to burst your bubble, but Jesus did not say anything to you nor to any of us who lived 2,000 years later. He spoke to his apostles. Read it again “the eleven disciples…And Jesus came and said to them” (Matthew 28:16-18) Jesus was talking to his apostles who were there; not to some false modern preachers who preach a different baptism than the Apostles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yeshua the chief cornerstone: The Apostles put the name of Yeshua Mashiach in baptism, because Yeshua is the chief cornerstone of our faith. If we believe in his name, then we are baptized in his name. Baptism is a foundational teaching of the church (Hebrews 6:1-2) and they created that foundation upon the name of Yeshua. Since we cannot substitute the foundation that the Apostles created by another foundation that they did not created, likewise we cannot take out the name of Yeshua out of baptism anymore than we could take out the name of Yeshua as the chief cornerstone of the church; the whole structure of Christianity stands or falls upon the name of Yeshua. If we stand in the name of Yeshua we cannot slip, for it is a sure name. Those who refuse his name they are standing upon a different foundation than what the Apostles created, they are using a different Chief cornerstone.

 

The Apostles were commissioned: Jesus gave the commission to the Apostles only after he had trained them, taught them and had opened their minds to what he was teaching them. He did not got them of the streets on his last day on earth and said here go do this. They were properly trained for three and a half years before they were commissioned by him. So however they carried out the commandment of Jesus to baptize it was correct, no one has the right to take away the Great Commission from the apostles. Those who teach a different baptism than the Apostles are in effect decommissioning the Apostles from what was giving to them. They are in effect saying that the Apostles could not carry correctly the commission that Jesus gave them. These false teachers were not commissioned by Jesus for if they were they would be preaching the same message and same baptism that the Apostles taught.

 

The missing Apostle: In Matthew 28:16 “Then the eleven disciples went to Galilee”. Here we are missing an apostle, whose name is Paul, he was not with them in Galilee; he came along many years later. We would expect Paul to receive the same commission as the other apostles; when he received his commission from Jesus. So let us take a look at Paul and his great commission. Acts 9:15-16 “But the Lord said to Ananias, “Go! This man is my chosen instrument to proclaim my name to the Gentiles and their kings and to the people of Israel. I will show him how much he must suffer for my name.”

Acts 22:21 Go; I will send you far away to the Gentiles

Acts 26:16-18 I have appeared to you to appoint you as a servant and as a witness of what you have seen and will see of me. I will rescue you from your own people and from the Gentiles. I am sending you to them to open their eyes and turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.

 

Look at the ministry of Paul and all his letters, he always preached the name of Jesus Christ and baptized in the name of Jesus Christ, and he never once made mentioned a similar phrase to the one in Matthew 28:19. It is obvious that Jesus never said anything similar to Paul, which makes it highly suspicious that he actually gave it at all to any of his other apostles in the first place. Why do we not hear Jesus give the same commission to Paul that he gave in Matthew?  If Jesus had indeed wanted people to be baptized in the titles, he would have repeated such commission to Paul for after all he was the Apostle to the gentiles. So much for the theory of two baptisms that the one in the name of Jesus was for the Jews and the other using the triune phrase was for the gentiles; then according to that theory Jesus got it backwards for he gave the triune baptism to the apostles to the Jews and then he didn’t even mentioned baptism to the gentiles’ Apostle.

 

Paul took his gospel to the nations, but at one point in time, he conferred with the pillars in Jerusalem, lest he had run in vain (Galatians 2:2). He found his gospel, received by revelation of Jesus Christ, which he had preached to the Gentiles for 14 years, was the same message of the 12, as preached to the circumcision. Paul's letters clearly indicate reliance upon the core message of Acts 2:38, in terms of his views and understanding of salvation through and in Christ.

 

More than one witness: Some people have the impression that this baptism issue is a difference between accepting what Jesus said or what Peter said, but this is incorrect. For it is also what Philip taught, what Ananias taught, what Paul the Apostle taught and what James taught. So we see here that Peter had the backing of 4 other persons, it is not just him preaching that baptism. And it is not just one scripture against another scripture; it is actually one scripture against at least other 15 scriptures.

 

The credibility of the Apostles is questionable: If the Apostles Peter and Paul were wrong in baptism, then what else were they wrong about? Their credibility is shot to pieces, for we are not longer able to trust anything that they wrote about. The whole New Testament comes into question for it was mostly written by Paul and Peter or by their associates. The Apostles were Jesus representatives, and their word was to be accepted as coming directly from him (otherwise why do Christians quote the Epistles of those Apostles as the word of God? It was the Apostles who wrote them).

Bible translator, Ethelbert William Bullinger observes: “To hold, as some do, that the disciples had "forgotten", or were "ignorant of", or else "ignored" the express command of the Lord, is to charge those spirit-endowed men with either incompetence or insubordination! (The Companion Bible, 1974, Appendixes 185, §6). http://archive.org/details/CompanionBible.Bullinger.1901-Haywood.2005

Actually the Catholic Church does claim the Apostles deviated from the commandments of Jesus. “As the Apostles deviated from their master’s precept given in Mt. 28:19 in regard to baptism, so the church has the right to set them aside as regards the Eucharist, by withholding the cup from the laity”. John of Ragusa, “De Communione Sub Utraque Species” [addressed A. D. 1433 to the Council of Bàle (Mansi Concilia XXXIX; col. 858)]

 

The Jerusalem council: When the judaizers in the church wanted to have the new gentile converts follow the Law of Moses, a council was held in Jerusalem, in the debate Peter reminded them “Men and brethren, ye know how that a good while ago God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the word of the gospel, and believe”, Acts 10. Those first gentiles came into the church by being baptized them in the name of the Lord Jesus, and the name of the Lord was mentioned; “to take out of them a people for his name”, “upon whom my name is called”, How was the name called upon those gentiles? It was called in baptism. (for Peter and Paul had baptized them in the name of Jesus) In essence this council is an affirmation of baptism in the name of Jesus.

If there was any doubt by anyone about the manner that the Apostles were baptizing, then how come we never hear of any council, meeting, dispute or argument regarding such baptism? Where is there an explanation by Peter on why he baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ instead of in the traditional way that Jesus commanded in Galilee.

James the Just: James the brother of Jesus was called the just one; he was there on the first day of Pentecost and it was him who was the leader of the church in Jerusalem. James baptized in the name of Jesus (James 2:7) there is evidence to back up this statement. James stood with Peter and probably was there when Peter gave his account of the conversion of Cornelius and he made the council decisions when Paul and Barnabas came before the council (Acts 15:17). Look at how similar the phrasing is in James 2:7 and Acts 15:17.  James was martyred in 62 AD before the Gospel of Matthew was written and before the destruction of Jerusalem.

 

Matthew 28:19 was fulfilled in the book of Acts: We need to realize that the Great Commission was indeed fulfilled by the early disciples.

 

Go therefore-

Peter and the Apostles went to Jerusalem (Acts 1:12)

Philip went to a city in Samaria, then went to a desert road (Acts 8:5, 8:26)

Paul went to Damascus (Acts 9:8)

Peter went to Caesarea (Acts 10:24)

Paul went to Philippi (Acts 16:12)

Paul went to Corinth (Acts 18:1)

Paul went to Ephesus (Acts 19:1)

 

and make disciples of all the nations-

15 plus nationalities (Acts 2:9-11)

Samaritans and one Ethiopian (Acts 8:5, 8:27)

One blind Pharisee (Acts 9:9)

One large Roman family (Acts 10:27)

Philippians, one seller of purple and one jailer (Acts 16:14, Acts 16:23)

Corinthians, Crispus and Gaius (Acts 18:8, 1 Cor 1:14)

Disciples of John (19:1)

 

baptizing them in my name-

(Acts 2:38, 10:48 baptized by same person (Peter), same baptism)

(Acts 8:16, 8:38 baptized by same person (Philip), same baptism)

(Acts 22:16, 16:15, 16:33, 18:8, 19:5 baptized by same person (Paul), same baptism)

(The Apostles Peter, Paul, and Philip baptized the same way, in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ)

 

The complete fulfillment of Matthew 28:18-20: Let us look at how every single part of this text was fulfilled. All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world.

 

All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

Eph 1:21 “far above all rule and authority and power and dominion”

Go ye therefore,

Acts 9:32 “As Peter traveled about the country”

and teach all nations

Acts 2:5 “devout men, out of every nation under heaven”

baptizing them in the name

Acts 8:16 “only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus”

Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you

Acts 20:20 “I did not shrink back from proclaiming to you anything that was profitable or from teaching it to you”

and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world

Mar 16:20 “the Lord working with them”

 

All the texts were fulfilled except for one,

The baptism in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit

There were lots of baptisms (Over 8,000 in the name of The Lord Jesus Christ) but not one single baptism in the titles. Everything that Jesus said or told his Apostles to do, they did, except that one thing. The only real reason that verse was not fulfilled is because Jesus never spoke it. Jesus said his words would never pass away, so if those were really the authentic words of Jesus, how come they passed away in the history of the first church (The book of Acts). The baptism that he supposedly commanded was never implemented, by anyone, could it simply be because he never spoke it?

 

Look at Matthew 28:20: In these discussions of baptism, the next verse usually is absent, but let us look at the next verse. “and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” Matthew 28:20

The Apostles were to teach the disciples to obey everything that Jesus commanded them.

But how could the Apostles teach obedience if they themselves were disobedient?

If Jesus had actually spoken the traditional text, then exactly where is it where the Apostles obeyed such commandment? Come on there must be proof they obeyed such commandment.

Jesus said to obey everything, not just some things, so isn’t baptism part of everything?

Jesus was there with the Apostles always; if Jesus was there with the Apostles,

How come Jesus didn’t say “Psst, hey, buddy, you are baptizing wrong?”

Unless we accuse Jesus of lying and say that he really wasn’t with his Apostles.

Maybe he left them after a while, but wait it says to the very end of the age.

It says that the Lord was working with them, so if Jesus was working with them how come he let them baptize in his holy name, which according to the traditionalists it is incorrect.

So let me get this straight, according to the traditional text defenders

The Apostles did not obeyed everything that Jesus commanded

The Apostles were disobedient to Jesus but they taught obedience to the disciples.

Jesus was with them and yet Jesus allowed them to continue in error.

 

Look again at Matthew 28:20: “and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you” One thing I noticed about this verse when comparing it to the other accounts of the great commission is that none of the other gospels say anything about teaching people or even making disciples. Also for a time I was wondering why Eusebius or other ancient writers seldom quoted this verse, and then one night it hit me like a ton of bricks. The reason this verse was not quoted is because it is a redundant verse. The simple phrase “make disciples of all the nations” already contains or insinuates the dual activities of teaching and obeying. For if a person is a disciple of Jesus, then it is obvious that such person will be taught everything that goes along with being a disciple and a true disciple will obey what he has been taught.  If we are to make disciples of Jesus then it is obvious too that we are going to baptize in his name, for in that culture people were baptized in the name of the person they were following.  The only place where the word “disciples” occurs besides the gospels is in the book of Acts, which is the only book where disciples were made by the Apostles and got baptized in the name of Jesus. No “disciples” were made by the Apostles in any other book of the Bible.

 

Look at the whole commission: “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”

The beginning and the ending phrases really do not connect to the middle phrase, how is the fact that Jesus has all power a reason to baptize in the triune name? Since we are to be baptized in the three names should not all three names also be included in the other phrases too. To really make sense the phrase would have to be more inclusive. Something like

“Because we have all authority, therefore go and make disciples of all nations baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy spirit, and teaching them to obey everything that we have commanded you, And surely we are with you always to the very end of the age.”

 

Jesus is made to contradict himself: Jesus just told that us that he has all authority, yet immediately the next sentence denies his proclamation of having all authority for he supposedly tell us to use some other name like if his own name did not have authority enough to forgive all sins or make one a disciple of his. It is a selfcontradictory statement.

 

What shall we do?: "When people want to be saved and asked what they need to do to be saved, they are told all kinds of answers, but often those answers are seldom biblical or are incomplete. Neither Peter nor Paul ever said something like, repeat this prayer after me or just believe. Look at what actually Peter and Paul did with the new believers.

In Acts 2:37 the people asked “Peter and the other apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?”

Answer: Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins

In Acts 9:6 Paul asked Jesus, “Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?”

Answer: Get up, be baptized and wash your sins away, calling on his name.

In Acts 10:6 an angels says “he [Peter] shall tell thee what thou oughtest to do.”

Answer: he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord.

In Acts 16:30 the jailer said “what must I do to be saved?”

Answer: Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, then immediately he and all his household were baptized.

When we see that the answer given in here every time was belief in the Lord Jesus Christ followed by baptism in his name. Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ is an incomplete answer, for that belief must be followed with baptism in his name.

 

The importance of the name of Jesus: The New Testament everywhere exalts and stresses the importance of the name of Jesus. The gospel of Matthew itself makes a big deal out of the name of Jesus and so do all the other gospel writers. Throughout the New Testament the name of Jesus is used over and over with great veneration, respect and adoration by his followers.

How important is the name of Jesus?

His name is above every name. (Philippians 2:9-10)

We are commanded to do all things in Jesus name. (Colossians 3:19)

We are to ask in his name (John 14:13)

There is salvation in no other name. (Acts 4:12)

Forgiveness of sins through his name (Acts 10:43)

We are washed, sanctified, and justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ (1 Cor 6:11)

 

The name of Jesus permeates the New Testament.

His name is often mentioned at the beginning of many NT books

His name is mentioned in connection with a great number of doctrines

His name is sometimes the subject of the teaching itself

 

The greatness of the name of Jesus: The name of Jesus is the greatest and most magnificent name of all. Miracles can be done in his name. His name has changed history and millions of lives. His name is adored by multitudes. The name of Jesus in Greek is spelled I H S O U S (iota, eta, sigma, omicron, upsilon, sigma). His name amounts to the number 888, the number of perfection. In Hebrew Gematria "MESSIAH JESUS" = 888. The number 8 represents infinity.

 

Biblical flow demands the restoration of “in my name”: The traditional text of Matthew 28:19 is like a boulder in the middle of a river, which does not allow for the scriptures to flow smoothly. Taking out the triune phrase is like removing that boulder that was damming up the river and was not letting the water flow as it should. All the scriptures now flow toward Jesus; all the streams end up in Jesus, there is no longer a split between baptizing in the Triune phrase or in name of Jesus. The name of Jesus is elevated even higher, and Jesus is exalted. Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are now in full agreement. The Apostles’ authority is not longer in doubt. The scriptures flow clearly and smoothly in full accord.

 

The first verse and the last verse of the New Testament have the name of Jesus.

The number of repetitions of the name of Jesus is overwhelming.
The table below shows the number of times the name “Jesus” is mentioned in different translations

New Testament Version

Jesus’ Name

Percentage vs. Traditional

Extended Version

1,993

0.00050%

Easy to Read Version

1,924

0.00052%

New Century Version

1,907

0.00052%

Contemporary English Version

1,795

0.00056%

New International Reader’s Version

1,650

0.00061%

New Life Version

1,648

0.00061%

Good New Translation

1,590

0.00063%

Worldwide English

1,570

0.00064%

God’s Word Translation

1,567

0.00064%

New Living Translation

1,477

0.00068%

New Testament Version

Yeshua’s Name

 

Names of God Bible

1,503

0.00066%

Complete Jewish Bible

1,151

0.00086%

 

The phrase “Father, Son and Holy Ghost” is only mentioned 1 time. (Isn’t it strange?)

There is not even close to a 1 percent of relationship, between these phrases.

Statistically speaking it just does not compute, the numbers just do not add up.

So how can 1 dubious phrase outweigh the over 1,000 mentions of the name Jesus?

 

The number of references to Jesus using other words like “Christ” (Over 500 times) and “Lord” (Over 600 times) or other names are just as many.

How can it be, please explain it, that over 2,000 direct and indirect references to Jesus’ name are set aside in favor of a single mention of the traditional phrase? It really makes no sense at all; maybe I need to bang my head against the sidewalk a few times for it to make perfect sense.

It just boggles the mind how much focus is in the Bible on the name of Jesus. Both the Old Testament and the New Testament point directly and indirectly thousands of times to Jesus. Every book in the New Testament is all about Jesus and yet one single mention of the traditional formula is preferred by many preachers in baptism over baptism in the name of Jesus.

 

Baptism was an ordinance: Paul told us to "keep the ordinances, as I delivered them to you." 1 Corinthians 11:12, Baptism is an ordinance, it is the first ordinance. We need to keep this ordinance as Paul delivered it unto us. The Apostles gave us the example to follow of how the church was to do things. You will notice that everywhere they went they preached basically the same message, and they performed basically the same rituals.

1. They preached Jesus (his death, burial and resurrection.)

2. People who believed (repented, got baptized in the name of Jesus and received the Holy Spirit.)

Which matches the message (His death = repentance, his burial = baptism, his resurrection = receiving his spirit)

The ceremony of baptism is what links the believer to Jesus. On one side is Jesus and on the other side is the sinner. A person believes in the name of Jesus and is baptized in the name of Jesus, because it is the act of Baptism that unites the believer to the name of Jesus.

 

Everything is through, by, or in the name of Jesus Christ: Throughout the whole Bible there is not one single connection to the traditional Matthean text yet everywhere in the Bible we see that everything is connected to the name of Jesus Christ. There are hundredths of connections to the name of Jesus Christ, let us just take a quick look in the book of Romans where many other things are connected to the name of Jesus, even baptism is among them.

 

Rom3:22 the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ

Rom3:24 justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus

Rom 5:1 peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ

Rom 5:9 saved from wrath through him

Rom 5:11 joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ

Rom 5:15 the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ

Rom 6:3 baptized into Jesus Christ

Rom 6:11 alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord

Rom 6:23 eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord

Rom 7:25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord

Rom 8:1 no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus

Rom 8:2 the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus

Rom 8:39 the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord

 

The Apostles used his real name not the word “Son”: One thing that seems to escape many people is that the Apostles Peter, Phillip and Paul always baptized using the name “Jesus” or “Christ” but they never baptized anyone using the name “Son”. Not one single baptism was done alluding to his sonship; it was always to his lordship “Lord”.  Nothing even remotely saying “I baptized you in the name of the Son”. When miracles were done, they used the name “Jesus” or “Christ” not once did they ever say anything like “In the name of the Son be thou healed”. Peter did not healed the invalid by saying “In the name of the Son”, “In his name”, or “In the power of his name”, no, he used these words; “In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth” Everything was done using his real name, never the title “Son”. Even the exorcists sons of Sceva knew what name to use "In the name of the Jesus whom Paul preaches, I command you to come out." (Acts 19:13) of course it didn’t work out too well for them.

 

Doing the first things: Repentance and baptism in the name of Jesus Christ was one of the things that were done first, it was so primary that the Ethiopian Eunuch got baptized right away in the middle of the desert and the Phillipian jailer got baptized right in the middle of the night. Getting baptized right away was the norm, the idea of a waiting period before getting baptized was not part of the apostolic beliefs. Over time the church begun to drift away from those first practices. But Jesus is calling his church to “Consider how far you have fallen! Repent and do the things you did at first.” (Revelation 2:5)

 

Biblical harmony demands the restoration of “in my name”: It is not the Apostles who were out of harmony with Jesus, it is only the text of Matthew 28:19 that is out of harmony with the other words of Jesus, the Apostles and the rest of the New Testament; for all the other scriptures speak with one voice of baptism in the name of Jesus. Every allusion to baptism indicates the name of Jesus. The name of Jesus is spoken repetitively and loudly as being the one called upon in baptism. Hundredths upon hundredths of New Testament scriptures pointing their fingers to the name of Jesus and we have a single scripture pointing away from the name of Jesus; are we so dumb that we will follow the one single scripture that points away from the name of Jesus? This one single discordant note is given way too much power to overshadow the thousands of direct and indirect mentions of the name of Jesus in the New Testament. And let us not forget the Old Testament.

Think for a moment about this, hundredths of prophetic or symbolic mentions of the name of Jesus, hundredths more in references and allusions to Jesus, all singing in harmony the name of Jesus and out there in left field one single verse mentioning the triune phrase. When the phrase “in my name” is put into Matthew 28:19, it brings full agreement and complete harmony to the whole Bible. The discordant note is taken out and behold the music now harmonizes completely.

The Non-traditional formula texts agree with the multitude of other texts pointing to the name of Jesus. With the name restored, there is no more contradiction, no more arguments and fights about the proper way to baptize. Now I urge you brethren to open your eyes and you will see that when the name of the Lord Jesus Christ is restored in Matthew 28:19, all the scriptures agree in what they say, they all line up, there are no more divisions among them, and they are united with the same understanding, the same conviction and the same name. (HCSB) 1 Corinthians 1:10.

 

The consistent character of Jesus: The Gospels show Jesus as a very consistent individual; although he used different parables, he preached the same message repeatedly. He predicted his death and resurrection at least 3 times before it happen. He was not one to suddenly at the end of his ministry spring a surprise or twist upon his disciples. The phraseology of Matthew 28:19 breaks totally with his consistency. It is absurd to believe that Jesus would reserve something so important until the very end with no prior preparation or explanation.

 

His consistency.

a.       Jesus preached one single message.

b.      Jesus repeated himself often.

c.       Jesus provided advance notice

d.      Jesus was not one to change.

 

What did Jesus said about his name

Mat 7:22          “Miracles would be claimed to done in his name”

Mat 18:5          “to receive a little child in his Name”

Mat 18:20        “gather together in his Name”

Mark 9:39        “Do miracles in his Name”

Mark 16:17      “Shall cast out devils in his name”

Mark 16:17      “shall speak with new tongues in his name”

Mark 16:18      "shall take up serpents in his name”

Mark 16:18      “shall drink any deadly thing in his name"

Mark 16:18      "shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover in his name"

John 14:14       “To ask in his Name”

 

Jesus himself pointed to his own name often, would it then make sense that he would then say
"but you shall baptize in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit."

 

The New Testament points to Jesus’ name
Matthew 1:21; 25, 7:22, 12:21, 18:5; 20, 21:19, 23:39, 24:5, 28:19 = 10 times

Mark 6:14, 9:37; 38; 39; 41, 11:9, 13:6, 16:17 = 8 times

Luke 2:21, 9:48; 49, 10:17, 13:35, 19:38, 21:8; 12, 24:47 = 9 times

John 1:12, 2:23, 3:18,12:13, 14:13;14;26, 15:16;21, 16:23; 24; 26, 17:11;12, 20:31 = 15 times

Gospels Total = 42, Acts = 34, Epistles = 25, Revelation = 11, Grand Total = 112 times

We have here 112 verses which point directly toward the name of Jesus against one single verse which points in a different direction.

 

Does Jesus contradicts himself, would he give three different commissions?

In Mark 16:15-17 Jesus said to preach in his name

In Luke 24:47 Jesus said to proclaim in his name

In Matthew 28:19   Jesus said to make disciples in ??

Did Jesus said to use the triune phrase or in reality did he say to use his name?

 

What else is said in the gospels about his name?

Mat 1:21     His name is to be Jesus for he will save his people from their sins

Mat 1:23     His name means “with us God is”

Mat 12:21   In his name will the Gentiles trust

Luke 24:47            Repentance and remission of sins to be preached in his name

John 1:12    Power to become the sons of God, to them that believe on his name:

John 3:18    he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in his name

So the question is why would not his name be worthy of using in baptism?

 

Why would he not also say to do baptism “in his Name”?

He never before said to do anything in any other name.

(In all the scriptures he never said to do anything in the name of the father or the Holy Spirit)

Is it any wonder the Apostles never mention it either.

 

What about Jesus authority?: Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.” Having authority is exactly like having power of Attorney; Jesus had the authority to conduct business on behalf of Heaven using his name alone. Since Jesus has all authority, his name alone is sufficient to do all things that belong to the Father, his name alone can do all things that belong to the Holy Spirit. When a person has authority or power of attorney that person does not need another co-signer to any document, but is fully empowered to just use his own name by itself. Using the name of Jesus in baptism alone is enough for he has all the authority or power to remit sins, which is what baptism is for.

 

What we get from his name: The scriptures tell us many things that we get through his name.

Acts 2:38    be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins

 John 20:31 that believing ye might have life through his name

Acts 4:12    And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name

Acts 4:30    for healing, and signs, and wonders, to come to pass through the name

Acts 10:43  forgiveness of sins through his name

1 Cor 6:11   but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name

 

So we get remission of sins, life, salvation, healing, signs, wonders, forgiveness of sins and we are sanctified and justified in the name of Jesus, the name of Jesus is loaded with great and fabulous things that we receive from using that name, yet somehow we are not supposed to use this name in baptism?

We get all these things through his name so why would he tell us to use some other name in baptism?

 

So just what exactly do we get from the traditional phrase?

According to Matthew we get nothing from getting baptized in the traditional text.

 

Which text fits perfectly?

The scriptures harmonize and are in accord when they speak in any subject. They speak with one voice and with similar wording and they fit in each other’s subject. Which of the two texts would fit better in this circle of baptismal texts?

Oval: Eusebius
Annarikhus
“My Name”
Oval: Traditional
the name of the father, and of the son and of the Holy Spirit

Is baptism in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ literally Matthew 28:19:

Yes it is, God said it “I am the LORD: that is my name:” that is the name of the Father.

The name given to him “and thou shalt call his name JESUS:” that is the name of the Son.

“the Spirit of God”, “the Spirit of Christ”, “Now the Lord is the Spirit”, “his Holy Spirit

“the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name (Son, Jesus)” (Holy Spirit, Father, Son)

Rom 8:9, 1 Pet 1:11, 2 Cor 3:17, Isaiah 63:10, John 14:26 (LORD JESUS CHRIST)

 

The advantage of the Apostles: Really consider this, the Lord Jesus made sure that the Apostles had all kinds of advantages.

  1. 3 and a half years learning with Jesus.
  2. Jesus opened their minds so they could really understand the scriptures.
  3. 40 more days of boot camp with Jesus after his resurrection.
  4. The Holy Spirit of Truth, which cannot err to guide them into all truth.
  5. His presence till the end of the age.
  6. Prophets to guide the church.

 

They had all those advantages to make sure they got all things right, and yet right away on the first day of the church, they got baptism wrong? And suppose for the sake of argument that they were actually mistaken on the first day, yet in all those years they never were corrected by Jesus, the Holy Spirit, Matthew himself or one of the prophets for their initial mistaken form of baptism? Was anybody paying any attention at all?

 

The first “Apostolic Fathers” knew nothing of Matthew 28:19: After the death of the Apostles the next generation knew nothing of Matthew 28:19. I have read most of the ancient writings and in the first two centuries of Christianity there is no reliable mention of the traditional text of Matthew 28:19. The next generation was composed primarily of Clement of Rome (?-99 AD), Ignatius of Antioch (35-110 AD), Polycarp of Smyrna (69-155 AD) and some other lesser known individuals, but these apostolic writers never mentioned Matthew 28:19. Someone must have noticed it also or mentioned this fact, for some ancient writers resorted to creating forgeries in their names and they altered their texts in an attempt to fool people into believing a doctrine that was taught by some of them. The only problem for those ancient forgers is that now we have the technology, training and methods for detecting such forgeries. Apart from well known forgeries and spurious texts, there are absolutely no mentions of the traditional Matthew 28:19 before the 3rd century. This does not look good for proponents of the traditional text for if the ancient writers had to resort to creating forgeries; it means they had nothing before. We are now absolutely sure that all the writings where some early Apostolic fathers mention the traditional text are ancient forgeries and have zero creditability. Forgers and Critics: Creativity and Duplicity in Western Scholarship (1990) by historian Anthony Grafton. The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration (2005) by Bruce Manning Metzger.

 

We need to choose whom we are going to believe: We have to make a choice, are we going to believe the real apostles or the later “Apostolic Fathers”. One side preaches Baptism in Jesus name the other preaches baptism the traditional way.

in Jesus Name (The Annarikhus version)

in the name of the Father, Son, Holy Ghost

Simon Peter

Chosen by Jesus

Justin Martyr?

A pagan convert

Paul of Tarsus

Chosen by Jesus

Athanasius of Alexandria

A pagan education

Philip

Chosen by Jesus

Tertullian

A pagan convert

Ananias

Chosen by Jesus

Polycarp

A pagan education

James

Brother of Jesus

Clement of Rome

Unknown

 

The texts chronology: “The credibility of a writer clearly depends on the interval of time which lies between him and the events which he describes. The farther the narrator is removed from the facts which he lays before us, the more his claims to credibility are reduced in value.” Doctor of Philosophy and Ancient Biblical Greek Manuscripts expert, Constantine Tischendorf.

Estimated dates of creation by consensus of biblical scholars.

            The Gospel of Mark....... 62 AD

            The Gospel of Luke........ 66 AD

            The book of Acts............ 67 AD

            The Gospel of Matthew. 69 AD

            The Gospel of John........ 86 AD

If Mark, Luke and Acts were written before Matthew should not their mode of baptism be more accurate than the one Matthew mentions?

 

Each Gospel stood on its own: Each Gospel was written to teach about the life of Jesus and therefore self-autonomous and self-contained there was not thought by Mark of omitting certain things because he expected they would be written later by Matthew. You are supposed to learn about Jesus and get saving faith from each individual gospel.  Each gospel has all that is needed to get saving faith. So we can actually ignore Matthew and get saving faith from just the Gospel of Mark or from John. If the traditional formula for baptism was so important then it would have been written by all 4 writers not just by one. They would not have forgotten such important words if Jesus did spoke them. The simple fact that the other Gospel writers did not mention the Matthean phrase clearly diminishes its importance or authenticity. Each writer wrote what they thought was important about the life, actions and words that Jesus spoke. Those words and action of Jesus that are mentioned by all the 4 writers are the most important in the gospels, decreasing in importance according to how many writers mention such event or words.

 

Did they really believe that?: Although many “Apostolic Fathers” are said to support the traditional text, there is evidence that the writings of Justin Martyr were altered to make it look like he was an early supporters of this text. Perhaps he was a supporter of this traditional text; however I am quite suspicious about those claims. After reading many of the ancient writings of the early Post-Apostolic fathers, I can confidently say that many of them have alterations and they are not trustworthy. In some of their writings they appear to support one doctrinal view while in other writings they support a different view. Another reason it is hard to tell exactly what some of the early Post-Apostolic fathers believed is because some of their writings sometimes are ambiguous as to their actual beliefs. We have too many examples of ancient documents being forged or altered to favor particular doctrinal views; so I usually take the citations of the post-Apostolic fathers with a grain of salt.

 

Preaching the same message: The apostles used different words but preached the same message; there is a consistency shown throughout the book of Acts. If you pay careful attention you will see their similarity. If they preached the same message of salvation in his name then it is obvious that they would preach the same message of baptism in his name. Look at the themes below how they match; the first theme shows all the matching texts, while the rest are just marked so that you can see the relationship.

 

Authority   (Jesus, The Prophet Joel & David, All the prophets, Peter, Peter and the other Apostles, His prophets, the Law and the Prophets, The words)

His resurrection, his exaltation, our salvation, forgiveness of sins, his name. 

 

Acts 1 Jesus began both to do and teach, To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passionhe was taken up, baptized with water, ye shall be witnesses unto me

Acts 2 the prophet Joel, he (David) was a prophet, God has raised this Jesus to life, Exalted to the right hand of God, Repent, and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins.

Acts 3 through faith in his name, foretold through all the prophets, God raised him from the dead, hath glorified his Son Jesus, Repent ye therefore, and be converted that your sins may be blotted out.

Acts 4 Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom God raised from the dead, become the head of the corner, Neither is there salvation in any otherwhereby we must be saved

Acts 5 not teach in this name, Peter and the other apostles , The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, Him hath God exalted, to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins,

Romans 1 through his prophets, the Son of God in power, by his resurrection from the dead, to call all the Gentiles, to the obedience that comes from faith, his name’s sake,

Romans 3 to which the Law and the Prophets testify, This righteousness is given through faith, the redemption that came, by Christ Jesus, God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement

Romans 4 The words “it was credited to him” were written not for him alone, God will credit righteousness, raised Jesus our Lord, from the dead, He was delivered over to death for our sins, raised to life for our justification

 

There are many other similar passages scattered throughout the New Testament. Noticed how the message of salvation always contains his name? If the message of salvation always contains his name then it is obvious that baptism is also in his name, for baptism is included in salvation; yet most Christians fail to see this connection.

 

Forget tradition, instead look at the support that each phrase has in the New Testament and then decide for yourself which ending makes the most sense.

 

Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, immersing them in

In my name:

the name of

the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost

33 mentions of this phrase in the gospels

1 mention of this phrase in the gospels

8,437 + persons baptized in Jesus’ name

0 persons baptized in this phrase

6 baptisms in Jesus’ name

0 baptisms using this phrase

5 allusions to baptism in his name

0 allusions to baptism in this phrase

15 scriptures mention baptism in his name

0 scriptures mentions baptism in this phrase

1,310 times Jesus’ name is mentioned, NIV

0 times it is mentioned anywhere else in the NT

26 actions were done in his name

0 actions were done in this phrase

90+ titles for Jesus

0 titles for this phrase

 

The overpowering preeminence of the name Jesus in the New Testament and in Christianity is clear and conclusive evidence that “in my name” was the original rendering in Matthew 28:19, just like Eusebius, Annarikhus and others mention it. Am I a mad person or is the majority of the world too blind to see this truth?  Yes I am that demented fanatical lunatic who insists and shouts that you must be baptized in the name of Yeshua HaMashiach (Jesus Christ) and is foolish enough to challenge the validity of the traditional text that has been in the Bible for almost 2,000 years.

 

The New Testament was non-existent: This argument is a simple one, but one that establishes the ground rules. I would like to point out that the New Testament was not in existence for many years, as a matter of fact the book of Matthew is estimated to be written about 69 AD. The church was estimated to be born sometime in 30 AD, so the question is what did the church did between 30 AD and 69 AD? A total of almost 40 years when the Gospel of Matthew was nonexistent. Well the Book of Acts tells us what the early church did between these dates and it clearly shows that the church baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. The church was born and established long before the Gospel of Matthew was written. The church did not need the Gospel of Matthew to teach about Jesus or the proper way to baptize.

 

The Berean spirit: Paul commended the Bereans for they searched the scriptures to see if those things which he spoke were in accordance with the scriptures, they did not simply accept his words. Just because someone claims to be an Apostle, Bishop or Minister such and such it does not mean we shut down our brains and blindly accept what they say. God wants us to read for ourselves the scriptures and see if the teaching matches the whole Bible.

I am not asking people to simply take my words or the words of my organization.

I am asking them to read the Bible and compare what I say with what the scriptures say.

I am asking them to read the Bible and compare what their minister says with what the scriptures says.

Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. (1 Thessalonians 5:21)

 

I have shown that there is plenty of internal evidence inside the New Testament to prove that the correct phrase for Matthew 28:19 was “in my name”. However I will go many extra miles and show more evidence for it, so that there may be absolutely no shadow of doubt about this claim.

 

The extra evidence will be as follows:

Logical: From logical reasoning

Textual: From the very phrase itself

Theological: From the doctrines the Bible itself teaches

Historical: From the witness of church history

External: From sources outside the Bible

Contrary: Admission by Traditionalists

Conditional: Plausible explanations for corruption of text

 

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